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Location: Central Bank of Bahrain Volume 1—Conventional Banks > Archived Part A > Reporting Requirements > PD Public Disclosure Requirements [October 2007]
  • PD Public Disclosure Requirements [October 2007]

    This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

    • PD-A Introduction

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-A.1 Purpose

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-A.1.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The purpose of this Module is to set out the rules and guidelines that the banks should adhere to in order to enhance corporate and financial transparency through better public disclosure.

          October 07

        • PD-A.1.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          This Module provides support for certain other parts of the Rulebook, mainly:

          (a) Principles of Business (Module PB);
          (b) High-level Controls (Module HC);
          (c) Audit Firms (Module AU);
          (d) CBB Reporting Requirements (Module BR);
          (e) Capital Adequacy (Module CA)G ;
          (f) Business and Market Conduct (Module BC); and
          (g) Risk Management (i.e. market, credit, liquidity and operational) (Module OM).
          October 07

        • PD-A.1.3

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          This Module also provides support for certain aspects relating to disclosure requirements stipulated in the Decree No. 64 of 2006 of the Central Bank of Bahrain and Financial Institutions Law 2006 ('CBB Law') and the Bahrain Commercial Companies Law of 2001 (as amended).

          October 07

        • Legal Basis

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.1.4

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            This Module contains the CBB's Directive relating to public disclosure and is issued under the powers available to the CBB under Article 38 of the Central Bank of Bahrain and Financial Institutions Law 2006 ('CBB Law'). The Directive in this Module is applicable to all conventional bank licenseesG .

            October 07

          • PD-A.1.5

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            For an explanation of the CBB's rule-making powers and different regulatory instruments, see Section UG-1.1.

            October 07

      • PD-A.2 Key requirements

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • General guidance and best practice

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.1

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Section PD-B.1 lists the key guidance papers on disclosure as issued by the Basel CommitteeG on Banking Supervision and International Organisation of Securities Commissions. These papers serve as international best practice in financial and other disclosures.

            October 07

        • Annual audited financial statements (annual reports)

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.2

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Locally incorporated banks are required to publish their audited financial statements per the rules set out in the CBB law, Bahrain Commercial Companies Law of 2001 (as amended) and the Bahrain Stock Exchange regulations. The audited financial statements should be prepared in accordance with IAS.

            October 07

          • PD-A.2.3

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Locally incorporated banks must, in their Annual Reports, provide timely information which facilitates market participants' assessment of them. There are seven broad categories of information (as set out in Section PD-1.3 and Section PD-1.4), each of which should be addressed in clear terms and with appropriate details to help achieve a satisfactory level of bank transparency.

            October 07

        • Annual disclosure in the annual audited financial statements of banks listed on the Bahrain Stock Exchange (BSE)

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.4

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Directors' Report attached to the annual financial statements of banks (referred to under Section PD-1.4) should contain details of the interests of DirectorG s, chief executive officers and managers (persons as defined under Section HC-2.1, respectively) in the shares of such banks. Such details should include:

            (a) Total interests in the shares of such banks by individual persons mentioned above, and
            (b) Changes in such interests from the previous financial year to the current financial year.
            October 07

        • Semi-annual disclosure by commercial branches of foreign banks

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.5

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Branches (referred to under Section PD-2.2) are required by the Central Bank to prepare and disclose to the public the following information (in the same format as their Annual Audited Accounts) for their Bahrain operations on a semi-annual basis:

            (a) Balance Sheet, and
            (b) Profit and Loss Accounts
            October 07

        • Publication of reviewed (unaudited) quarterly financial statements

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.6

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Locally incorporated banks should prepare reviewed (unaudited) quarterly financial statements on a quarterly basis in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 (Interim Financial Reporting). Such statements should be in the same form, and should be prepared on the same basis, as is required by Bahrain law for banks' annual published financial statements.

            October 07

        • Disclosure of interest rates

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.7

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Central Bank requires all retail banks to display, by a conspicuous notice, their current effective rate of interest and charges.

            October 07

        • Disclosure relating to Deposit Protection Schemes (the 'Scheme')

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.8

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Central Bank requires all retail banks to give prominence to the protection of depositsG afforded under the Deposit Protection Scheme (see Chapter CP-2) - for example in related marketing materials and in general notices featured within banking halls and in account documentation, including audited financial statements.

            October 07

        • Public disclosure via the internet

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.2.9

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Non-listed locally incorporated wholesale banks may apply to the Central Bank to disclose their quarterly financial statements via the Internet. If a non-listed locally incorporated wholesale bank wishes to cease disclosure of quarterly financial statements via the local press and use the internet instead, it must satisfy the criteria in Paragraph PD-5.1.2.

            October 07

      • PD-A.3 Module History

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-A.3.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          This Module was first issued in July 2004 by the BMA as part of the conventional principles volume. Any material changes that have subsequently been made to this Module are annotated with the calendar quarter date in which the change was made: Chapter UG-3 provides further details on Rulebook maintenance and version control.

          October 07

        • PD-A.3.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          When the CBB replaced the BMA in September 2006, the provisions of this Module remained in force. Volume 1 was updated in October 2007 to reflect the switch to the CBB; however, new calendar quarter dates were only issued where the update necessitated changes to actual requirements.

          October 07

        • PD-A.3.3

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The most recent changes made to this Module are detailed in the table below:

          Summary of changes

          Module Ref. Change Date Description of Changes
          PD-5 Jan 2005 New Internet Disclosure rules.
          PD-4.1 Jul 2005 Small definition change to consumer loans.
          PD-2.1, PD-3.1 Jan 2006 Revised notification requirements for disclosures.
          PD-3.1 April 2006 Specific requirements to disclose changes in shareholders' equity.
          PD-A.1.4 10/2007 New Rule PD-A.1.4 introduced categorising this Module as a Directive.
          PD-1.3 10/2007 New Rule PD-1.3.12 requiring disclosure of penalties paid
          October 07

        • Evolution of the Module

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.3.4

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Prior to the development of this Rulebook, the Central Bank had issued various circulars representing regulations covering different aspects of public disclosure requirements. These circulars have now been consolidated into this Module covering regulations relating to public disclosure requirements. These circulars and their evolution into this Module are listed below:

            Circular Ref. Date of Issue Module Ref. Circular Subject
            EDBC/14/96 17 Jan 1996 PD-B.2 Public Disclosure of the Trading and Derivatives Activities of Banks and Securities Firms.
            BC/2/99 21 Feb 1999 PD-1.3, PD-3.2 Public Disclosure.
            BC/3/02 13 Mar 2002 PD-1.3 Additional Public Disclosure Requirements Amended Version – 2002.
            no reference(partial) Apr 1981 PD-1.5 Precious Metals and Commodities.
            CBB/751/93 8 Jul 1993 PD-1.1, PD-1.3, PD-1.4, PD-3.2 Directors' Interest in the Shares of, and the Unaudited Quarterly Financial Statements of, Locally Incorporated Banks Quoted on the Bahrain Stock Exchange.
            EDBC/782/93 17 Jul 1993 PD-1.1 The Interests of Directors, Chief Executive and Senior Managers in the Shares of Locally Incorporated Banks Quoted on the Bahrain Stock Exchange.
            BC/1/99 22 Feb 1999 PD-2.2 Enhancing Bank Transparency.
            OG/73/02 17 Feb 2002 PD-4.2 Duty to Display Current Effective Rate of Interest.
            OG/50/92 4 Mar 1992 PD-4.2 Consumer Finance.
            OG/107/01 3 Mar 2001 PD-4.3 Disclosure of BD Interest Rates
            OG/425/94 21 Dec 1994 PD-4.4 Deposit Protection
            OG/423/93 28 Nov 1993 PD-4.4 Deposit Protection Scheme (the 'Scheme')
            October 07

        • Effective date

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-A.3.5

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The contents in this Module are effective from the date depicted in the original circulars (see Paragraph PD-A.3.4) or from the date of change shown in PD-A.3.3.

            October 07

    • PD-B General guidance and best practice

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-B.1 Guidance provided by other international bodies

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • Basel Committee on Banking Supervision: Various papers

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-B.1.1

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The papers below are to be taken as guidance by licenseeG s in order to improve public disclosure practices.

            October 07

          • PD-B.1.2

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Basel CommitteeG on Banking Supervision has issued various papers in relation to the subject matter of this Module. These papers are listed as below:

            •   'Enhancing Bank Transparency' – September 1998 (see www.bis.org/publ/bcbs41.pdf)
            •   'Sound Practices for Loan Accounting and Disclosure' – July 1999 (see www.bis.org/publ/bcbs55.pdf)
            •   'Best Practices for Credit Risk Disclosure' – September 2000 (see www.bis.org/publ/bcbs74.pdf)
            October 07

          • PD-B.1.3

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            In addition, the Basel CommitteeG , in conjunction with the International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has issued the following papers that relate to the subject matter of this Module:

            •   'Public Disclosure of the Trading and Derivatives Activities of Banks and Securities Firms' – November 1995 (see www.iosco.org document no. IOSCOPD48)

            •   'Recommendations for Public Disclosure of Trading and Derivatives Activities of Banks and Securities Firms' – October 1999 (see www.bis.org/publ/bcbs48.pdf )

            •   'Intra-group Transactions and Exposure Principles' – December 1999 (see www.bis.org/publ/bcbs62.pdf)

            •   'Risk Concentrations Principles' – December 1999 (see www.bis.org/publ/bcbs43.pdf)

            October 07

    • PD-1 Annual disclosure requirements

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-1.1 Introduction

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-1.1.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The purpose of this Chapter is to set out the Central Bank's requirements relating to the disclosure of information in the bank's annual audited financial statements ('Annual Report'). This Chapter also refers to the Bahrain Commercial Companies Law of 2001 (as amended) and the Bahrain Stock Exchange regulations relating to public disclosure and reporting requirements.

          October 07

        • PD-1.1.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          For the purpose of this Module, the following definitions apply:

          (a) 'DirectorG ' includes any person who occupies the position of a DirectorG and any person who appears to the Central Bank to be a DirectorG (howsoever called) of the applicant/licensed locally incorporated bank and its subsidiaries;
          (b) 'Chief Executive/General Manager' means a person who is responsible under the immediate authority of the DirectorG s for the conduct of the applicant/licensed locally incorporated bank, including its subsidiaries and overseas branchesG , and Bahrain branchesG of foreign banks;
          (c) 'Manager' means a person who, under the immediate authority of a DirectorG or the chief executive/general manager, exercises major managerial functions or is responsible for maintaining accounts or other records of the applicant/licensed bank; and
          (d) 'Interest in the shares' shall include, but not be limited to, direct and/or indirect ownership of such shares, the right of voting associated with such shares, the right to receive dividends payable on such shares, and/or any right, regardless of the form thereof, to purchase (or otherwise acquire an interest in) such shares at any time.
          October 07

      • PD-1.2 Publication of annual audited financial statements (Annual Reports)

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-1.2.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Locally incorporated banks are required to publish their audited financial statements per the rules set out in the CBB law, Bahrain Commercial Companies Law of 2001 (as amended) and the Bahrain Stock Exchange regulations (this latter obligation only applies to banks listed on the Bahrain Stock Exchange). The audited financial statements should be prepared in accordance with IAS.

          October 07

      • PD-1.3 Disclosure in the annual audited financial statements (Annual Reports)

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • Introduction

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.1

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Banks (referred to under Section PD-1.2) should, in their Annual Reports, provide timely information which facilitates market participants' assessment of them. There are seven broad categories of information (as set out in Paragraphs PD-1.3.5 to PD-1.3.11 and Section PD-1.4), each of which should be addressed in clear terms and with appropriate details to help achieve a satisfactory level of bank transparency.

            October 07

          • PD-1.3.2

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The disclosure requirements listed in Paragraphs PD-1.3.5 to PD-1.3.11 and Section PD-1.4 below are in addition to or serve to clarify the disclosure requirements of IASs. These requirements may be:

            (a) Integrated into the Notes to the Accounts; or
            (b) Addressed in the Directors' Report.
            October 07

          • PD-1.3.3

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Central Bank requires that all banks referred to under Section PD-1.2 should maintain an up-to-date checklist of all applicable International Accounting Standards (IASs) (including disclosure requirements) and the requirements set out in this Section for full compliance purposes.

            October 07

          • PD-1.3.4

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            If a bank is not able to achieve full compliance with the requirements stated in this Chapter, a meeting should be held with the Director of Banking Supervision Directorate at the Central Bank in the presence of the concerned external auditors to discuss the reasons for such non-compliance prior to the finalization of the Annual Report.

            October 07

        • Financial performance and position

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.5

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The following information relating to the financial performance and position of the bank should be included:

            (a) Discussion of the main factors that influenced the bank's financial performance for the year, explaining any differences in performance between the current year and previous years and the reasons for such changes, and discussing factors that will have a significant influence on the bank's future financial performance;
            (b) Basic quantitative indicators of financial performance such as ROAEG , ROAAG , NIMG , cost-to-income ratios etc. for the past 5 years;
            (c) A discussion of the impact of acquisitions of new businesses;
            (d) Quantitative information about own funds and its components (tier-1, tier-2. tier-3 capital), risk weighted assets, risk asset ratio and debt to equity ratio both on an average basis over the period and at year end;
            (e) The impact of changes in the capital structure on earnings and dividends;
            October 07

        • Corporate governance and transparency

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.6

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The following information relating to corporate governance should be included in the bank's Annual Report:

            (a) Information about the Board structure (e.g. the size of the Board, Board committees, and membership), and the basic organisational structure (lines of business structure and legal entity structure);
            (b) Information about the profession, business title, and experience in years of each Board member and the qualifications and experience in years of senior executives, including Chairmen, Chief Executives and General Managers (see Section PD-1.1 for definitions);
            (c) Descriptive information on:
            (i) The managerial structure, including:
            1. committees (see Section HC-1.3 for detailed disclosure requirements relating to various types of committees),
            2. segregation of duties,
            3. reporting lines, and
            4. responsibilities;
            (ii) Incentive structure (remuneration policies, executive compensation, stock optionsG , etc.);
            (iii) The structure and organisation of the credit risk management function, including the loan review function; and
            (iv) Other related internal controls including internal audit;
            (d) Nature and extent of transactions with affiliates and related parties;
            (e) Approved Board's communications strategy (including the use of the bank's website) which should undertake to perform at least the following:
            (i) The disclosure of all relevant information to stakeholders on a timely basis in a timely manner; and
            (ii) The provision of at least the last three years of financial data on the bank's website.
            Banks are encouraged to maintain a website. If a bank does not have a website, it must state in its strategy how it will make all relevant information available to shareholderG s and stakeholders on a timely basis; and
            (f) Information about any changes in the structures (as mentioned in Paragraphs PD-1.3.6(a) to PD-1.3.6(c) above) from prior periods.

            October 07

        • Risk management strategies and practices

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.7

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The following information relating to the bank's risk management strategies and practices should be included in the Annual Report:

            (a) Discussion of the overall risk management philosophy, overall policy and methodologies, the nature of risks in activities and how risks arise in those activities, how (in high-level terms) these risks are managed and controlled; and
            (b) Discussion of risk measurement and monitoring processes, the use of risk-mitigating tools (collateralG , guarantees, credit insurance, netting agreements, managing concentrations, credit derivativesG ), limits (e.g., credit limits, market risk limits), and periodic review of exposuresG .
            October 07

        • Credit risk exposures

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.8

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The following information relating to credit risk should be included in the bank's Annual Report:

            (a) Details on how the bank manages credit risk and information on whether or not strategies used have been effective;
            (b) Descriptive information about the business lines that create credit risk, the bank's strategies regarding those business lines, and the nature and composition of the exposuresG that arise;
            (c) The magnitude of the bank's current credit exposureG on an aggregate basis, as well as its significant components; and
            (d) Quantitative and qualitative information on the use of credit scoring and portfolio credit risk measurement models. More specifically, descriptive information about the types of models, portfolio(s) covered and size of portfolio(s), and quantitative and qualitative information about the credit risk measurement models used, including model parameters (e.g. holding period, observation period, confidence interval etc.), their performance over time, model validation, back testing and stress testing information;
            (e) Summary information about internal rating processes and explanation of the loss concept used and how internal ratings are used in the bank's internal capital allocation process, and based on these internal credit rating processes, summary information on the quality of on- and off-balance sheet credit exposuresG , including a discussion of counterpartyG and internal credit rating (information about credit exposuresG based on external rating is encouraged, however, proprietary information is not expected);
            (f) High-level descriptive information on the techniques and methods used for managing past due and impaired assets, including the procedures for credit quality classifications and practices and procedures to determine provisions and to evaluate the adequacy of credit loss provisions (both general and specific);
            (g) Quantitative information about gross positions by major business segments (e.g. lending, investments, trading, leasing and off-balance sheet exposuresG ). Such information should include current and future potential exposuresG , (e.g. for guarantees given and derivativesG etc) where appropriate. In addition, maturity breakdowns should be provided (these should be consistent with the maturity bands as required under IAS but should also be extended to include 5-10 years, 10-20 years and 20 years and over), as well as average balances for the current period (as distinct from end of period balances) where materially different;
            (h) Quantitative information about the composition of on- and off-balance sheet credit exposuresG to:
            (i) Major types of counterpartyG , including domestic and foreign governments, domestic and foreign corporates, consumers, and other financial institutions (such information should be provided without taking account of the effects of credit risk mitigation techniques),
            (ii) Intragroup transactions and exposuresG to related parties, DirectorG s and shareholderG s (separately identified) and whether such transactions have been made on an arms length basis, and
            (iii) Highly leveraged institutions and other high-risk counterpartiesG (separately disclosed);
            (i) Quantitative information concerning concentrations of credit risk, and the magnitude of concentrations of credit exposuresG in different types of counterpartyG ;
            (j) Comprehensive quantitative information about the non-performing loans or other impaired and past due loans:
            (i) Ageing schedule (over 3 months, over 1 year, and over 3 years) of past due loans and other assets
            (ii) Breakdown by relevant asset Category, counterpartyG type and geographic area, and
            (iii) Where applicable, specific, general and other provisions on the major asset categories;
            (k) Aggregate quantitative information about credit facilities that have been restructured, during the period, including:
            (i) The balance of any restructured loans,
            (ii) The magnitude of any restructuring activity,
            (iii) The impact of restructured credit facilities on provisions and present and future earnings, and
            (iv) The basic nature of concessions on all credit relationships that are restructured, including loans, derivativesG and other on- and off-balance sheet activities,
            If full repayment is expected, the restructured credit need not be disclosed in this Section after satisfactory performance for a period of six months in accordance with the modified terms;
            (l) An individual breakdown of movement of general and specific provisions and interest in suspense, and the key methodologies assumptions behind how these provisions are determined (including historical experience, current market conditions and trends);
            (m) Quantitative and qualitative information about the use of credit derivativesG and other instruments (e.g. netting agreements and guarantees received) that mitigate and reallocate credit risk. Information should include:
            (i) Discussion of how instruments are used, including strategy and objectives,
            (ii) Notional amounts and fair value of instruments,
            (iii) Amount of credit risk bought and/or sold,
            (iv) Breakdown by type of instrument (e.g., total return swap, credit default swap, or other credit derivativesG ), and
            (v) Where instruments are recorded (i.e., trading vs. banking book);
            (n) Quantitative information on securitised assetsG under the management of the bank, the amount and type of assets securitised, and the amount of risks or assets retained, details of subordinated or first loss assets retained, and any other recourse provisions; and
            (o) Quantitative information concerning obligations with respect to recourse transactions (i.e. where the asset has been sold, but the bank retains responsibility for repayment if the original counterpartyG defaultsG or fails to fulfil obligations). Information should include the amount of the assets sold and any expected losses.
            October 07

        • Market risk exposures

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.9

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The following information relating to market risk should be included in the bank's Annual Report:

            (a) Detailed quantitative information about the nature and extent of interest rate-sensitive assets and liabilities and off- balance sheet exposuresG (e.g. breakdown of fixed and floating rate items and the net interest margin earned, and the duration and effective interest ratesG of assets and liabilities). These disclosures should also identify classes of assets and liabilities, and related gains and losses, in addition to the effect on the value of assets, liabilities and economic equity for a given specific change in interest rates;
            (b) Summarised quantitative information for significant concentrations of foreign exchange exposureG by currency, broken down by hedgedG and unhedged exposuresG ;
            (c) Summarised quantitative information about price related market risk exposureG (Value-at-Risk) (i.e., to equity, commodityG and other markets), including:
            (i) The magnitude of the exposureG on a weekly or monthly basis,
            (ii) The maximum and minimum values in the reporting period,
            (iii) The end-of-period values, and
            (iv) The assumptions (and or models) used in calculations (e.g.. confidence level, holding period, etc.);
            (d) A histogram (or similar presentation) of the overall daily profits or exposuresG for aggregate market risk over the reporting period. As an absolute minimum, summarised aggregate quantitative information relating to monthly VaR results giving an overview of the extent of market risk related activities should be presented; and
            (e) Information showing the performance of any VaR models for the period, in particular giving the number of times actual losses exceeded the VaR estimates of the model(s).
            October 07

        • Other risk exposures

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.10

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The following information relating to other risks should be included in the bank's Annual Report:

            (a) Quantitative information about investments in foreign subsidiaries (as included in the Financial Statements Section and representing foreign currency translation risk) supplemented by a discussion about:
            (i) The nature of the related currency exposureG ,
            (ii) How that exposureG has changed from year to year,
            (iii) Foreign exchange translation effects thereon,
            (iv) The earnings impact of foreign exchange transactions, and
            (v) The effectiveness of risk management (hedgingG ) strategies;
            (b) Qualitative information about the main types of operational risks including any specific problem that is considered to be individually significant, and how the bank manages and controls such risk;
            (c) Quantitative information on any material legal contingencies, including pending legal actions, and a discussion and estimate of the potential liabilities, in addition to qualitative information about how the bank manages and controls such risks.
            October 07

        • Compliance

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.3.11

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Annual Report should include a declaration by the external auditors that no violations have taken place of:

            (a) The Bahrain Commercial Companies Law of 2001 (as amended);
            (b) The CBB Law that might have had a material effect on the business of the bank or on its financial position; and
            (c) The licensing and authorisation requirements and other rules and regulations issued by the Central Bank.

            In so far as the violations have any material impact on the financial statements of the bank.

            October 07

          • PD-1.3.12

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Annual Report must disclose the amount of any penalties paid to the Central Bank during the period of the report together with a factual description of the reason(s) given by the Central Bank for the penalty (see Section EN-1.3). Failure to comply with this requirement will mean that the concerned bank will be required to make the disclosure in the subsequent quarterly financial statement and in the subsequent annual financial statement. A financial penalty for non-disclosure will also be levied upon the concerned bank.

            October 07

      • PD-1.4 Additional disclosure in the annual audited financial statements of banks listed on the Bahrain Stock Exchange (BSE)

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-1.4.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The content of this Section is applicable only to locally incorporated banks listed on the Bahrain Stock Exchange (BSE).

          October 07

        • PD-1.4.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The disclosure requirements set out in this Section for banks referred to under Paragraph PD-1.4.1 are in addition to those set out in Section PD-1.3.

          October 07

        • Interests of Directors, chief executive officers and managers

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-1.4.3

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Without prejudice to any other requirement of Bahrain law (or any other direction of the Central Bank), the Directors' Report Section of the annual audited financial statements of banks should contain details of the interests of DirectorG s, chief executive officers and managers (persons as defined under Section PD-1.1, respectively) in the shares of such banks. Such details should include:

            (a) Total interests in the shares of such banks by individual persons mentioned above, and
            (b) Changes in such interests from the previous financial year to the current financial year.
            October 07

          • PD-1.4.4

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            For the purpose of the disclosure required under Paragraph PD-1.4.3, any interests in the shares of a bank held by the spouse(s) or children of a DirectorG , or any other person the control of whose interests in such shares lies ultimately with the DirectorG , shall be deemed to be the interests of the relevant DirectorG . For a definition of 'interest in the shares', see Paragraph PD-1.1.2(d).

            October 07

      • PD-1.5 Disclosure relating to precious metals and commodities trading activities (deleted)

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-1.5.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          This Section no longer applies.

          October 07

    • PD-2 Semi-annual disclosure requirements

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-2.1 Disclosure by commercial branches of foreign banks

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-2.1.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The content of this Section is applicable only to retail banks branchesG (licensed by the Central Bank) of foreign banks.

          October 07

        • PD-2.1.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Banks (referred to under Paragraph PD-2.1.1) are required by the Central Bank to prepare and disclose to the public the following information (in the same format as their Annual Audited Accounts) for their Bahrain operations on a semi-annual basis:

          (a) Balance Sheet, and
          (b) Profit and Loss Accounts.
          October 07

        • PD-2.1.3

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The statements referred to under Paragraph PD-2.1.2 should be reviewed by the bank's external auditors, in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISA) applicable to Review engagements.

          October 07

        • PD-2.1.4

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          These statements (referred to under Paragraph PD-2.1.2) should be published in one local newspaper within eight weeks from the statements' date.

          October 07

        • PD-2.1.5

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Banks must submit a newspaper copy of the statements (referred to under Paragraph PD-2.1.2) to the Central Bank within eight weeks from the statements' date. The copy should be accompanied by a letter clearly showing on which date and in which publication(s) the statements were published.

          October 07

    • PD-3 Quarterly disclosure requirements

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-3.1 Publication of reviewed (unaudited) quarterly financial statements

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-3.1.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The content of this Section is applicable only to locally incorporated banks licensed by the Central Bank.

          October 07

        • PD-3.1.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Banks should prepare reviewed (unaudited) quarterly financial statements on a quarterly basis in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 (Interim Financial Reporting). Such reviewed quarterly financial statements should be in the same form, and should be prepared on the same basis, as is required by Bahrain law for banks' annual published financial statements.

          October 07

        • PD-3.1.3

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Banks' unaudited quarterly financial statements should be reviewed by their external auditors who must also make a statement regarding the results of such review. Such review and statement should be made in accordance with the International Standard on Auditing Applicable to Reviews (RSI and RS2) as established by the International Federation of Accountants.

          October 07

        • PD-3.1.4

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The reviewed quarterly financial statements should be published in one Arabic and one English daily newspaper widely available in Bahrain and/or any other country in which any of its shareholderG s ordinarily reside, within sixty days of the end of the quarter to which such statements relate.

          October 07

        • PD-3.1.5

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The published quarterly statement must also include a statement of changes in shareholderG s' equity as required by international accounting standards.

          October 07

        • PD-3.1.6

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Banks must submit a newspaper copy of the statements (referred to under Paragraph PD-3.1.2) to the Central Bank within 60 days from the statements' date. The copy should be accompanied by a letter clearly showing on which date and in which publication(s) the statements were published.

          October 07

    • PD-4 Other public disclosure requirements

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-4.1 Disclosure of current effective rate of interest on consumer loans

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-4.1.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The contents of this Section are applicable to all retail banks licensed by the Central Bank.

          October 07

        • Display of rates by conspicuous notice

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-4.1.2

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            The Central Bank requires all retail banks to display, by a conspicuous notice, their current effective rate of interest on consumer loans. This requirement does not extend to overdrafts or revolving credit facilities such as credit cards.

            October 07

          • PD-4.1.3

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            'Consumer loans' are defined in CM-8.3.2.

            October 07

          • PD-4.1.4

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            'Conspicuous notice' means a written statement in both Arabic and English languages which is easily visible and legible and is displayed in all retail banks' premises open to the public.

            October 07

          • PD-4.1.5

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Retail banks are given discretion as to how the current effective rate of interest is expressed as a calculation (e.g. as a 'base rateG ' or as a range of rates) as long as the conspicuous notice provides real and meaningful information to the customer.

            October 07

        • Advertising of consumer loan facilities

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-4.1.6

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Any advertising of consumer loan facilities offered by the banks should specify only effective rates of interest (including all fees and charges) and not flat rates.

            October 07

          • PD-4.1.7

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Banks are also asked to take special care to ensure that the content of any advertising material does not mislead or deceive the public in any way.

            October 07

      • PD-4.2 Disclosure of base rate of interest on overdrafts and short-term loans

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-4.2.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The content of this Section is applicable to all retail banks licensed by the Central Bank.

          October 07

        • PD-4.2.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The Central Bank requires all retail banks to display, by a conspicuous notice, their base rateG of interest on BD overdrafts and short-term revolving facilities to commercial customers. For a definition of 'conspicuous notice', refer to Section PD-4.1.

          October 07

        • PD-4.2.3

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Retail banks are left free to decide their own base rateG and to make changes to it as they consider appropriate.

          October 07

        • PD-4.2.4

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Retail banks must display a list of current charges including any standard charges and commissions that will be applied by the bank to individual services and transactions. See Section BC-4.1 for further details.

          October 07

      • PD-4.3 Disclosure relating to Deposit Protection Scheme

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • PD-4.3.1

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The content of this Section is applicable to all retail banks licensed by the Central Bank.

          October 07

        • PD-4.3.2

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The Central Bank requires all retail banks referring (directly or indirectly) to the protection of depositsG in related marketing materials and in general notices featured within banking halls and in account documentation, including Annual Reports, to prominently disclose the following statement:

          •  Subject to the provisions thereof, depositsG held with the Bahrain office of [name of the banking firm] are covered by the Deposit Protection Scheme established by the Central Bank of Bahrain regulation concerning the establishment of a Deposit Protection Scheme and a Deposit Protection Board'.
          October 07

        • PD-4.3.3

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          Retail banks should, in discussions and/or correspondence with new and prospective customers, bring the Deposit Protection Scheme and the protection afforded by it to the customer's notice.

          October 07

        • PD-4.3.4

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          The Central Bank welcomes the introduction by the banks, at their discretion, of other appropriate means to promote the Deposit Protection Scheme as prominently as possible.

          October 07

        • PD-4.3.5

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          For detailed guidance on the Deposit Protection Scheme's documentation requirements, see Chapter CP-2.

          October 07

    • PD-5 Public Disclosure via the Internet

      This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

      • PD-5.1 Publication and disclosure of financial results

        This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

        • Existing requirements

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-5.1.1

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            All locally incorporated banks are required to disclose their quarterly financial statements to the public within 60 days of the end of each quarter. Disclosure to the public should be by way of an announcement in the local press of the balance sheet and profit and loss account (with certain other additional disclosures as outlined in Chapters PD-1 to PD-4).

            October 07

        • Criteria for application for disclosure via the internet

          This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

          • PD-5.1.2

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Non-listed locally incorporated IBs and OBUs may apply to the Central Bank to disclose their quarterly financial statements via the internet. If a bank wishes to cease disclosure of quarterly financial statements via the local press, it must satisfy the following criteria:

            (a) The bank has no shareholderG s resident in Bahrain.
            (b) The bank has no customers resident in Bahrain. Customers include borrowers, depositors, investment account holders or persons from whom the bank earns fees or commissions. 'Customers' in this context would not include other banks, but would include Bahraini corporations, the Government of Bahrain and its agencies, and private individuals (whether high net worth or not).
            (c) The bank does not market itself in any way to residents of Bahrain. In particular, the bank should not market funds or other financial products to residents, even if the bank has no on balance sheet assets or liabilities arising from Bahraini residents.
            October 07

          • PD-5.1.3

            This version of Module PD was replaced in April 2008. Click here for the current Module PD.

            Banks meeting all of the above criteria may apply to the Central Bank to disclose their quarterly financial statements by way of their website instead of by way of the local press.

            October 07

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