BackText onlyPrint

You need the Flash plugin.

Download Macromedia Flash Player



Location: Central Bank of Bahrain Volume 3—Insurance > Part A > Enforcement & Redress > EN Enforcement > EN-10 Criminal Sanctions
  • EN-10 Criminal Sanctions

    • EN-10.1 Overview

      • EN-10.1.1

        The CBB Law provides for a number of criminal sanctions in cases where certain provisions are contravened. This Section provides a summary of those sanctions most relevant to licensees, their DirectorsG and employeesG . What follows is not a complete list of all sanctions provided for in the CBB Law, nor is it a substitute for reading the Law and being fully aware of its provisions.

        Amended: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

      • EN-10.1.2

        Licensees, their DirectorsG and employeesG should also be aware of the criminal sanctions provided for under other relevant Bahraini Laws, such as the Decree No. 4 of 2001, with respect to the prevention and prohibition of the laundering of money.

        Amended: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

      • EN-10.1.3

        In all cases to do with criminal sanctions, the CBB can only refer the matter to the Office of the Public Prosecutor. The CBB has no authority to apply such sanctions without recourse to the courts.

        Amended: January 2007

    • EN-10.2 CBB Policy

      • EN-10.2.1

        Because of their criminal status, and their provision for custodial sentences, the sanctions provided for under the CBB Law are viewed by the CBB as very powerful measures, to be pursued sparingly. In most situations, the CBB will seek to address regulatory failures through administrative sanctions, as outlined in the preceding Chapters, rather than pursuing the criminal sanctions outlined here.

        Adopted: January 2007

      • EN-10.2.2

        Where, however, the nature of the offence is such that there is strong evidence of a reckless or intentional breach of the CBB Law relevant to the following Articles, then the CBB will refer the matter to the Office of the Public Prosecutor.

        Adopted: January 2007

    • EN-10.3A Article 161

      • EN-10.3A.1

        Article 161 of the CBB Law provides for a penalty of up to BD 1 million, without prejudice to any other penalty prescribed in any other law, in case of any person who breaches the provisions of Resolution No.(16) for the year 2012 issued pursuant to Article 42 of the CBB Law. The Court may also confiscate the proceeds resulting from breaching the Resolution.

        Added: January 2013

    • EN-10.3 Article 163

      • EN-10.3.1

        Article 163 of the CBB Law provides for a term of imprisonment and/or fine of up to BD 20,000 without prejudice to any other penalty prescribed in any other law, in case of conviction of a DirectorG , manager, official, agent or representative of any licensee who:

        (a) Conceals any records, information or documents requested by the CBB (or any person appointed by the CBB to conduct an investigation or inspection);
        (b) Provides statements or information in bad faith which do not reflect the actual financial position of the licensee;
        (c) Conceals from an external auditorG any records, information or documents necessary for auditing the accounts of the licensee; or
        (d) Provides in bad faith any misleading or inaccurate statements to an external auditorG which do not reflect the actual financial position of the licensee.
        Adopted: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

    • EN-10.4 Article 169

      • EN-10.4.1

        Article 169 provides for a term of imprisonment, and/or a fine of up to BD 20,000 for any DirectorG , manager, official or employeeG , who acts or permits an act in violation of Article 134 of the CBB Law, dealing with the effects of insolvency, where he knows (or should have known) that the licensee is insolvent.

        Adopted: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

    • EN-10.5 Article 170

      • EN-10.5.1

        Article 170(2) of the CBB Law provides for terms of imprisonment and/or a fine not exceeding BD 3,000 if any DirectorG , manager, official or employeeG intentionally obstructs an investigation by the CBB or an Appointed ExpertG .

        Adopted: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

    • EN-10.6 Article 171

      • EN-10.6.1

        Article 171 of the CBB Law provides for a term of imprisonment and/or a fine not exceeding BD 10,000, if any DirectorG , manager, official or employeeG discloses in bad faith any confidential information relating to a customerG of a licensee.

        Adopted: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

Back to top