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Location: Central Bank of Bahrain Volume 3—Insurance > Part A > Enforcement & Redress > EN Enforcement > EN-8 Cancellation of 'Fit and Proper' Approval
  • EN-8 Cancellation of 'Fit and Proper' Approval

    • EN-8.1 Legal Source

      • EN-8.1.1

        Article 65 of the CBB Law allows the CBB to determine the level of qualifications, experience and training of a licensee’s officersG or employeesG . Article 65(c) of the CBB Law empowers the CBB the right to remove any official, being a Board member or in an executive position, that is unqualified or unsuitable for the assigned position.

        Adopted: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

      • EN-8.1.2

        [This Paragraph was deleted October 2009]

        Deleted: October 2009

    • EN-8.2 CBB Policy

      • EN-8.2.1

        Chapter AU-3 of Module AU (Authorisation), specifies that approved personsG must be assessed by the CBB as 'fit and proper' to hold such a position. The Chapter specifies various factors that the CBB takes into account when reaching such a decision.

        Adopted: January 2007

      • EN-8.2.2

        The CBB is conscious of the impact that assessing someone as not 'fit and proper' may have on an individual approved personG . Such assessments are carefully reviewed in the light of all relevant facts. The criteria used in reaching a decision include the following:

        (a) The extent to which the factors set out Chapter AU-3 have not been met;
        (b) The extent to which the person has deliberately or recklessly breached requirements of the CBB Law or Volume 3 (Insurance);
        (c) The person's past compliance record and conduct following any such breaches;
        (d) The length of time since factors indicating a lack of fitness or propriety occurred; and
        (e) The risk the person poses to licensees and their policyholdersG .
        Amended: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

      • EN-8.2.3

        Amongst other matters, the CBB will normally consider as grounds for the revocation of approved personG status the following events affecting the approved personG :

        (a) The conviction by a court, whether in Bahrain or elsewhere, for a crime affecting honesty;
        (b) A declaration of bankruptcy by a court of law;
        (c) A court ruling that the approved person'sG legal capacity is totally or partially impaired; or
        (d) The sanction by a professional body of a fine, suspension, expulsion or censure.
        Amended: January 2007

      • EN-8.2.4

        Insurance licenseesG must inform the CBB immediately when they become aware of any of the events listed in Paragraph EN-8.2.3, affecting one of their approved personsG (refer to Paragraph BR-2.2.5).

        Amended: January 2007
        Amended: October 2007

      • EN-8.2.5

        If the CBB has grounds for considering that an individual is no longer fit and proper to continue to hold their existing controlled function(s)G , it will revoke the approved personG status granted to that individual. The individual will then be required to resign from each of the controlled functionsG to which this revocation applies. This revocation does not automatically preclude them from applying to hold other controlled functionsG in the future, but will be taken into account in considering new requests from insurance licenseesG that pertain to that individual.

        Amended: January 2007

      • EN-8.2.6

        Depending on the seriousness of the situation, the CBB may impose further measures, which may include disqualification from:

        (a) Holding any controlled functionG ;
        (b) Performing any function in relation to any regulated activity carried out by a licensed firm; or
        (c) Being a controllerG of any licensed firm.
        Amended: January 2007

      • EN-8.2.6

        In assessing evidence, the CBB applies a lower threshold than is applied in a criminal court of law, reflecting the administrative nature of the sanction. The CBB may also take into account the cumulative effect of factors which, when considered individually, may not in themselves be sufficient to justify an adverse 'fit and proper' finding.

        Amended: January 2007

      • EN-8.2.7

        The CBB may also take into account the particular function being undertaken in the licensee by the individual concerned, and the size and nature of the licensee itself, particularly when assessing the suitability of a person's experience or qualifications. Thus, the fact that a person was deemed 'fit and proper' for a particular position in a particular firm does not necessarily mean he would be suitable in a different position or in a different firm.

        Amended: January 2007

    • EN-8.3 Procedure

      • EN-8.3.1

        All proposals for issuing an adverse 'fit and proper' finding are subject to a thorough review by the CBB of all relevant facts, assessed against the criteria outlined in Paragraph EN-8.2.2. In some instances, it may be appropriate for the CBB to request the licensee or person concerned to provide further information, in order to help reach a decision.

        Amended: January 2007

      • EN-8.3.2

        All adverse findings have to be approved by an Executive Director of the CBB. Once approved, a notice of intent is issued to the person concerned and copied to the Board/senior management of the licensee, setting out the circumstances and the basis for the CBB's proposed adverse finding. The person has 30 calendar days from the date of the notice in which to make written representations, addressed to the Executive Director concerned, failing which a final notice is issued by the CBB.

        Amended: October 2009
        Amended: January 2007

      • EN-8.3.3

        If representations are made, then the CBB has 30 calendar days from the date of the representation in which to consider any mitigating evidence submitted and make a final determination.

        Amended: October 2009
        Amended: January 2007

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