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Location: Central Bank of Bahrain Volume 4—Investment Business > Part A > Business Standards > FC Financial Crime > FC-1 Customer Due Diligence > FC-1.7 Enhanced Due Diligence: 'Pooled Funds' > FC-1.7.3
  • FC-1.7 Enhanced Due Diligence: 'Pooled Funds'

    • FC-1.7.1

      Where investment firm licenseesG receive pooled funds managed by professional intermediaries (such as investment and pension fund managers, stockbrokers and lawyers or authorised money transferors), they must apply CDD measures contained in Section FC-1.8 to the professional intermediary. In addition, investment firm licenseesG must verify the identity of the beneficial owners of the funds where required as shown in Paragraphs FC-1.7.2 or FC-1.7.3 below.

      Adopted: July 2010

    • FC-1.7.2

      Where funds pooled in an account are not co-mingled (i.e. where there are 'sub-accounts' attributable to each beneficiary), all beneficial owners must be identified by the investment firm licenseeG , and their identity verified in accordance with the requirements in Section FC-1.2.

      Adopted: July 2010

    • FC-1.7.3

      For accounts held by intermediaries resident in Bahrain, where such funds are co-mingled, the investment firm licenseeG must make a reasonable effort (in the context of the nature and amount of the funds received) to look beyond the intermediary and determine the identity of the beneficial owners or underlying clients, particularly where funds are banked and then transferred onward to other financial institutions (e.g. in the case of accounts held on behalf of authorised money transferors). Where, however, the intermediary is subject to equivalent regulatory and money laundering regulation and procedures (and, in particular, is subject to the same due diligence standards in respect of its client base) the CBB will not insist upon all beneficial owners being identified provided the licenseeG has undertaken reasonable measures to determine that the intermediary has engaged in a sound customer due diligence process, consistent with the requirements in Section FC-1.8

      Adopted: July 2010

    • FC-1.7.4

      For accounts held by intermediaries from foreign jurisdictions, the intermediary must be subject to requirements to combat money laundering and terrorist financing consistent with the FATF Recommendations and the intermediary must be supervised for compliance with those requirements. The licenseeG must obtain documentary evidence to support the case for not carrying out customer due diligence measures beyond identifying the intermediary. The licenseeG must satisfy itself that the intermediary has identified the underlying beneficiaries and has the systems and controls to allocate the assets in the pooled accounts to the relevant beneficiaries. The due diligence process contained in Section FC-1.8 must be followed.

      Amended: October 2014
      Adopted: July 2010

    • FC-1.7.5

      Where the intermediary is not empowered to provide the required information on beneficial owners (e.g. lawyers bound by professional confidentiality rules) or where the intermediary is not subject to the same due diligence standards referred to above, a licenseeG must not permit the intermediary to open an account or allow the account to continue to operate, unless specific permission has been obtained in writing from the CBB.

      Adopted: July 2010

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