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Location: Central Bank of Bahrain Volume 4—Investment Business > Part A > High Level Standards > PB Principles of Business
  • PB Principles of Business

    • PB-A Introduction

      • PB-A.1 Purpose

        • Executive Summary

          • PB-A.1.1

            The Principles of Business are a general statement of the fundamental obligations of all Central Bank of Bahrain (‘CBB’) investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG . They serve as a basis for other material in Volume 4 (Investment Business), and help address specific circumstances not covered elsewhere in the Rulebook.

            Amended: January 2007

          • PB-A.1.2

            The Principles of Business have the status of Rules and apply alongside other Rules contained in Volume 4 (Investment Business). However, these other Rules do not exhaust the fundamental obligations contained in the Principles. Compliance with all other Rules, therefore, does not necessarily guarantee compliance with the Principles of Business.

        • Legal Basis

          • PB-A.1.3

            This Module contains the CBB's Directive (as amended from time to time) relating to Principles of Business and is issued under the powers available to the CBB under Article 38 of the Central Bank of Bahrain and Financial Institutions Law 2006 ('CBB Law'). The Directive in this Module is applicable to all investment firm licenseesG (including their approved personsG ).

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: January 2007

          • PB-A.1.4

            For an explanation of the CBB’s rule-making powers and different regulatory instruments, see Section UG-1.1.

            Added: January 2007

      • PB-A.2 Module History

        • Evolution of Module

          • PB-A.2.1

            This Module was first issued in April 2006 by the BMA, as part of the first phase of Volume 4 (Investment Business) to be released. Any material changes that have subsequently been made to this Module are annotated with the calendar quarter date in which the change was made: Chapter UG-3 provides further details on Rulebook maintenance and version control.

            Amended: January 2007

          • PB-A.2.2

            When the CBB replaced the BMA in September 2006, the provisions of this Module remained in force. Volume 4 was updated in July 2007 to reflect the switch to the CBB; however, new calendar quarter dates were only issued where the update necessitated changes to actual requirements.

            Added: July 2007

          • PB-A.2.3

            A list of recent changes made to this Module is provided below:

            Module Ref. Change Date Description of Changes
            PB-A.1 07/2007 New Rule PB-A.1.3 introduced, categorising this Module as a Directive.
            PB-1.1.1 07/2007 Small expansion of Principle 1 to refer to disclosure of all relevant information to customers, as required by CBB Regulations and Directives.
            PB-A.1.3 01/2011 Clarified legal basis.

          • PB-A.2.4

            Guidance on the implementation and transition to Volume 4 (Investment Business) is given in Module ES (Executive Summary).

        • Superseded Requirements

          • PB-A.2.5

            This Module does not supersede any previously issued circulars or other regulatory instruments.

            Amended: January 2007

          • PB-A.2.6

            [This Paragraph was deleted in April 2008]

            Deleted: April 2008

    • PB-B Scope of Application

      • PB-B.1 Scope of Application

        • PB-B.1.1

          The 10 Principles of Business apply to all CBB investment firm licenseesG , in accordance with Paragraph PB-B.1.2. Principles 1–8 (Paragraphs PB-1.1 to PB-1.8 inclusive) also apply to all approved personsG , in accordance with Paragraph PB-B.1.3.

          Amended: January 2007

        • PB-B.1.2

          Principles 1 to 10 apply to activities carried out by the licensee, including activities carried out through overseas branches (if any). Principles 9 and 10 also take into account any activities of other members of the group of which the licensee is a member.

        • PB-B.1.3

          Principles 1 to 8 apply to approved personsG in respect of the controlled functionG for which they have been approved.

        • PB-B.1.4

          Principles 1 to 8 do not apply to behaviour by an approved personG with respect to any other functions or activities they may undertake. However, behaviour unconnected to their controlled functionG duties may nonetheless be relevant to an assessment of that person's fitness and propriety.

        • PB-B.1.5

          The CBB's requirements regarding approved personsG and controlled functionsG are located in Module AU (Authorisation).

          Amended: January 2007

      • PB-B.2 Non-compliance

        • PB-B.2.1

          Breaching a Principle of Business makes the investment firm licenseeG or approved personG concerned liable to enforcement action. In the case of a licensee, this may call into question whether they continue to meet the licensing conditions (see Chapter AU-2). In the case of an approved personG , this may call into question whether they continue to meet the "fit and proper" requirements for the function for which they have been approved (see Chapter AU-3).

        • PB-B.2.2

          Module EN (Enforcement) sets out the CBB's policy and procedures on enforcement action.

          Amended: January 2007

    • PB-1 The Principles

      • PB-1.1 Principle 1 — Integrity

        • PB-1.1.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must observe high standards of integrity and fair dealing. They must be honest and straightforward in their dealings with clientsG , and disclose fully all relevant information to clientsG , as required by the CBB's Regulations and Directives.

          Amended: January 2007

      • PB-1.2 Principle 2 — Conflicts of Interest

        • PB-1.2.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must take all reasonable steps to identify, and prevent or manage, conflicts of interest that could harm the interests of a clientG .

      • PB-1.3 Principle 3 — Due Skill, Care and Diligence

        • PB-1.3.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must act with due skill, care and diligence.

      • PB-1.4 Principle 4 — Confidentiality

        • PB-1.4.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must observe in full any obligations of confidentiality, including with respect to client information. This requirement does not over-ride lawful disclosures.

      • PB-1.5 Principle 5 — Market Conduct

        • PB-1.5.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must observe proper standards of market conduct, and avoid action that would generally be viewed as improper.

      • PB-1.6 Principle 6 — Customer Assets

        • PB-1.6.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must take reasonable care to safeguard the assets of customersG for which they are responsible.

          Amended: January 2007

      • PB-1.7 Principle 7 — Customer Interests

        • PB-1.7.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must pay due regard to the legitimate interests and information needs of their clientsG and communicate with them in a fair and transparent manner. Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG , when dealing with clientsG who are entitled to rely on their advice or discretionary decisions, must take reasonable care to ensure the suitability of such advice or decisions.

      • PB-1.8 Principle 8 — Relations with Regulators/Supervisors

        • PB-1.8.1

          Investment firm licenseesG and approved personsG must act in an open and co-operative manner with the CBB and other regulatory/supervisory bodies under whose authority they come under. They must take reasonable care to ensure that their activities comply with all applicable laws and regulations.

          Amended: January 2007

      • PB-1.9 Principle 9 — Adequate Resources

        • PB-1.9.1

          Investment firm licenseesG must maintain adequate human, financial and other resources sufficient to run their business in an orderly manner.

      • PB-1.10 Principle 10 — Management, Systems & Controls

        • PB-1.10.1

          Investment firm licenseesG must take reasonable care to ensure that their affairs are managed effectively and responsibly, with appropriate systems and controls in relation to the size and complexity of their operations. Investment firm licensees'G systems and controls, as far as is reasonably practical, must be sufficient to manage the level of risk inherent in their business and ensure compliance with the CBB Rulebook.

          Amended: January 2007

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