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  • BC Business and Market Conduct

    • BC-A Introduction

      • BC-A.1 Purpose

        • BC-A.1.1

          This Module contains requirements that have to be met by conventional bank licensees with regards to their dealings with customers. The Rules contained in this Module aim to ensure that conventional bank licensees deal with their clients in a fair and open manner, and address their customers' information needs.

          October 07

        • BC-A.1.2

          The Rules build upon several of the Principles of Business (see Module PB (Principles of Business)). Principle 1 (Integrity) requires conventional bank licensees to observe high standards of integrity and fair dealing, and to be honest and straightforward in their dealings with customers. Principle 3 (Due skill, care and diligence) requires conventional bank licensees to act with due skill, care and diligence when acting on behalf of their customers. Principle 7 (Client Interests) requires conventional bank licensees to pay due regard to the legitimate interests and information needs of their customers, and to communicate with them in a fair and transparent manner.

          October 07

        • BC-A.1.3

          This Module also provides support for certain aspects relating to business and market conduct in the Bahrain Commercial Companies Law of 2001 (as amended).

          October 07

        • Legal Basis

          • BC-A.1.4

            This Module contains the Central Bank of Bahrain's ('CBB') Directive (as amended from time to time) on business conduct by conventional bank licensees, and is issued under the powers available to the CBB under Article 38 of the Central Bank of Bahrain and Financial Institutions Law 2006 (CBB Law). The directive in this Module is applicable to all conventional bank licensees.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-A.1.5

            For an explanation of the CBB's rule-making powers and different regulatory instruments, see Section UG-1.1.

            October 07

      • BC-A.2 Scope of Application and Key Requirements

        • BC-A.2.1

          This Module applies to all conventional bank licensees unless indicated otherwise. The provisions of this Module do not apply to overseas branches and subsidiaries unless clearly stated otherwise.

          October 07

        • BC-A.2.2

          The remainder of this Module covers the following activities by conventional bank licensees:

          (a) Promotion of financial products and services (Chapter BC-1);
          (b) Code of Conduct for bank dealers and foreign exchange dealers (Chapter BC-2);
          (c) Client confidentiality (Chapter BC-3);
          (d) Customer account services and charges (Chapter BC-4);
          (e) Dishonoured cheques (Chapter BC-5);
          (f) ATMs and charges for their use (Chapter BC-6);
          (g) Margin Trading system (Chapter BC-7);
          (h) Investment Business related activities (Chapter BC-8);
          (i) Customer Complaints Procedures (Chapter BC-9); and
          (j) Measures and Procedures for Services Provided to Disabled Customers by Bahraini Retail Banks (Chapter BC-10).
          Amended: April 2016
          Amended: October 2011
          Amended: January 2011
          Amended: April 2008
          October 07

      • BC-A.3 Module History

        • BC-A.3.1

          This Module was first issued in July 2004 by the BMA, as part of the conventional principles volume. Any material changes that have subsequently been made to this Module are annotated with the calendar quarter date in which the change was made: Chapter UG-3 provides further details on Rulebook maintenance and version control.

          October 07

        • BC-A.3.2

          When the CBB replaced the BMA in September 2006, the provisions of this Module remained in force. Volume 1 was updated in October 2007 to reflect the switch to the CBB; however, new calendar quarter dates were only issued where the update necessitated changes to actual requirements.

          October 07

        • BC-A.3.3

          The most recent changes to this Module are detailed in the table below:

          Summary of Changes

          Module Ref. Change Date Description of Changes
          BC-4.1 01/01/05 New minimum balance and charges regulations.
          BC-4.7 01/10/05 Streamlined notification requirements regarding new products.
          BC-7 01/04/06 Margin trading rules and guidance.
          BC-A.1 10/2007 New Rule BC-A.1.4 introduced, categorising this Module as a Directive.
          BC-8 04/2008 New conduct of business requirements for Investment Business
          BC-4.9 04/2008 New requirement to comply with Code of Best Practice on Consumer Credit and Charging.
          BC-7.2 07/2009 Removal of numerical restrictions related to margin trading requirement.
          BC-8.5.17 10/2010 Clarified the wording of Rule by replacing the term "legal" with "licensing".
          BC-A.1.4 01/2011 Clarified legal basis.
          BC-1.1.13 01/2011 Corrected reference to Ministry of Industry and Commerce.
          BC-8 01/2011 Changes made to reflect new definitions related to licensed exchange(s).
          BC-1.1.11 04/2011 Clarified retention period of records for promotional schemes.
          BC-3.1.1 and BC-4.3.1 04/2011 Minor amendments to clarify Rules.
          BC-A.2.2 10/2011 Added new Section to list of activities covered by this Module.
          BC-4.7.3 10/2011 Deleted Paragraph. Reduced notification requirements on new or expanded products and facilities.
          BC-4.8.2 10/2011 Updated name of Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs.
          BC-4.10 10/2011 Added new Section on transaction advice.
          BC-8.11 and BC-9 10/2011 Replaced Section BC-8.11 dealing with complaints and added Chapter BC-9 Customer Complaints Procedures in line with results of consultation and made it applicable to all regulated banking services.
          BC-9 01/2012 Minor corrections to correct typos and clarify language.
          BC-9.3.9 01/2012 Paragraph deleted as it repeats what is in Paragraph BC-9.3.7.
          BC-6.1.6 04/2012 Cross reference added.
          BC-6.1.10 and BC-6.1.11 04/2012 Rule clarified and split into one Rule and one Guidance Paragraphs.
          BC-8.2.1 04/2012 Corrected cross reference.
          BC-1.2 07/2012 Added Section on Advertisements for retail banking products and services
          BC-4.3 07/2012 Corrected cross reference.
          BC-8.5.12A 07/2012 Added guidance to clarify promotion material from banks.
          BC-9.1.3A 07/2012 Added guidance on the appointment of the customer complaints officer.
          BC-1.1.2 10/2012 Added cross reference to advertising requirements under Section BC-1.2.
          BC-4.3 10/2012 Section amended to reflect outcome of consultation on disclosure of interest/profit rate fees and charges by retail banks.
          BC-4.8 10/2012 Amended to make Rules clearer.
          BC-6.1.2 10/2012 Clarified process for applications for the installation of off-site ATMs.
          BC-4.4 01/2013 This Section was deleted and requirements are now covered under Section FC-1.6.
          BC-1.2.2 04/2013 Corrected cross reference.
          BC-4.3.2 04/2013 Clarified Rule on instances when customers must be kept informed of charges.
          BC-8.9.14 and BC-8.9.16(e)(v) 04/2013 Clarified Rules on allocations.
          BC-9.7 07/2013 Additional details provided on reporting of complaints.
          BC-4.2.15 10/2013 Corrected cross-reference.
          BC-5.3 10/2013 Updated penalty charges on dishonoured cheques.
          BC-6.3 01/2014 Added new Section on local ATM network charges.
          BC-4.11 04/2014 Added new Section on donations to NGO accounts.
          BC-4.12 10/2015 Added new Section on credit check reports.
          BC-A.2.2, and BC-10 04/2016 Added new Section on Measures and Procedures for Services Provided to Disabled Customers by Bahraini retail banks.
          BC-6.3 04/2016 Amendment to local ATM charges.
          BC-6.1.6 07/2016 Deleted reference to Ministry of Interior.
          BC-4.7 10/2016 Clarified Rules on notification for new or changes to customer products and facilities.
          BC-4.10.1 10/2016 Amendment to Transaction Advice
          BC-4.10.2 10/2016 Deleted Paragraph
          BC-7.2.5 10/2016 Rectified term 'Credit Reference Bureau'
          BC-5A 01/2017 Added new Section on Return Policy – Post-Dated Cheques
          BC-10.1, BC-10.2 and BC-10.3 04/2017 Amended Paragraphs to clarify applicability of Rules.
          BC-5.3.1 07/2017 Amended Paragraph to include penalty charges on returned cheques for the reason of Insufficient Funds.
          BC-4.1 04/2018 Deleted Section on "Minimum Balance and Charges on Savings Accounts".
          BC-4.13 04/2018 Added new Section on "Fees and Charges for Services Provided to Individuals".
          BC-5.3.2 04/2018 Deleted Paragraph on "Dishonoured Cheques".
          BC-6.2 04/2018 Deleted Section on "GCC ATM Network Charges".
          BC-6.3 04/2018 Deleted Section on "Local ATM Network Charges".
          BC-4.14 10/2018 Added a new Section on Fees and Charges for Services Provided to Companies under Formation.
          BC-11 10/2018 Added a new Chapter on Financial Advice Programme.
          BC-4.3.22 01/2019 Amended Paragraph on disclosure of charges by retail banks.
          BC-4.3.24 01/2019 Amended Paragraph on disclosure to individual customers.
          BC-4.3.25A 01/2019 Added a new Paragraph on rounding off in transactions.
          BC-4.13.2 01/2019 Added a new Paragraph on waived fees and charges.
          BC-4.15 07/2019 Added a new Section on Interest on Credit Card Transactions.
          BC-4.16 10/2019 Added a new Section on Interest on Credit Facilities.
          BC-6.1 10/2019 Deleted Section.

        • Effective Date and Evolution of the Module

          • BC-A.3.4

            Prior to the Rulebook, the CBB had issued various circulars representing regulations covering different aspects of Business and Market Conduct. The contents of this Module are effective from the date depicted in the original circulars listed below or from the dates indicated in Paragraph BC-A.3.3 above:

            Circular Ref. Date of Issue Module Ref. Circular Subject
            EDBC/73/96 1 May 1996 BC-1.1 Explanatory note on the promotion of Banking and Financial Products.
            BS.C7/91/442 10 Sep 1991 BC-1.1 Promotion of Banking Services.
            85/25 2 May 1985 BC-2 Code of Conduct for Foreign Exchange Dealers and Brokers.
            83/5 10 Apr 1983 BC-3 Disclosure of Information about Individual Accounts.
            BS/11/2004 10 Aug 2004 BC-4.1 Min balances and savings accounts.
            BS.C7/90/34 31 Jan 1990 BC-4.2 Dinar Certificates of Deposits.
            EDBO/51/02 2 Apr 2002 BC-4.3 Charges to Customers.
            BC/5/00 8 Mar 2000 BC-4.4 Accounts held for Clubs and Societies.
            BSD(111)/94/157 24 Sep 1994 BC-4.5 Fees on Current Accounts.
            BC/2/01 3 Mar 2001 BC-4.6 Brokerage Fees in Bahrain.
            ODG/145/92 18 Aug 1992 BC-4.7 New products in the Retail Banking Field.
            EDBO/46/03 8 Apr 2003 BC-4.8 Inheritance — Financial Procedures.
            EDBO/27/96 25 Sep 1996 BC-5.1 Regulation for "Dishonoured Cheques".
            OG/399/94 28 Nov 1994 BC-5.2 Returned Cheques.
            EDBO/49/01 6 May 2001 BC-5.3 Penalty Charges on Returned Cheques.
            BC/8/98 24 May 1998 BC-6.1 Off-site ATMs.
            EDBO/45/02 13 Mar 2002 BC-6.2 GCC ATM Network Charges.
            BC/15/99 17 Jul 1999 BC-7.1 Margin Trading.
            EDBS/KH/C/73/2018 22 Nov 2018 BC-4.3.25A Rounding off in Transactions.
            Amended: January 2019
            Amended: October 2010
            October 07

    • BC-1 Promotion of Financial Products and Services

      • BC-1.1 Promotion of Financial Products and Services Offered in/from Bahrain by Means of Incentives etc.

        • Introduction

          • BC-1.1.1

            The purpose of the content of this Section is to set out requirements pertaining to the promotion of banking/financial products offered in/from Bahrain by conventional bank licensees by means of incentives etc. (herein referred to as 'promotional schemes').

            October 07

          • BC-1.1.2

            The CBB has no objection to the use of promotional schemes in general and, unless it otherwise specifically directs in any particular case, the CBB does not expect to be actively consulted/have its approval sought about the idea and/or substance of any promotional schemes. Any advertising of promotional schemes are subject to the requirements of Section BC-1.2. The CBB should also be sent copies of documentation relating to promotional schemes at least ten days prior to their launch for information purposes.

            Amended: October 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.3

            The CBB will monitor promotional schemes and, if thought appropriate in the interests of a bank or other financial institution (together herein referred to as 'institutions') and its customers in particular and/or the financial sector in general, may issue specific guidance in certain cases. Institutions should feel free to consult the CBB at any time regarding any matters referred to in the explanatory note set out in this Section.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.4

            Banks undertaking investment business activities should refer to Chapter BC-8 for additional requirements.

            October 07
            Amended: April 2008

        • General Requirements

          • BC-1.1.5

            Retail bank licensees should take care to ensure that promotional schemes do not involve a breach of Bahrain law or any other relevant applicable law and regulation. In addition, promotional schemes should not in any way be detrimental to the public good or public morals.

            Amended: April 2011
            Added: April 08

          • BC-1.1.6

            While there is to be no formal restriction on the types of incentive which may be used by institutions, care should be taken to ensure that promotional schemes do not negatively affect the integrity, reputation, good image and standing of Bahrain and/or its financial sector, and do not detrimentally affect Bahrain's economy.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.7

            Bearing in mind the reputation of, and the requirement to develop, the financial sector in Bahrain, as well as the need to act at all times in the best interests of the customer, banks need to take adequate care to ensure that promotional schemes do not unreasonably divert the attention of the public from other important considerations in choosing a bank or a banking/financial product.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.8

            All documentation concerning promotional schemes should be in Arabic and English and, if relevant, any other language necessary for customers to fully understand and appreciate their terms and conditions. Such terms and conditions, including any related advertising, need to be clear, concise, truthful, unambiguous and complete so as to enable customers to make a fully informed decision.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.9

            Customers to whom promotional schemes are directed should enjoy equal opportunity in terms of access to, and treatment within, such schemes.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.10

            No costs (including funding costs), charges or levies associated with promotional schemes should be concealed from prospective customers.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.11

            All material related to promotional schemes, particularly where raffles/lotteries etc. are concerned, must be maintained for a minimum period of 5 years (see Paragraph OM-7.3.4).

            Amended: April 2011
            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.12

            Any raffles/lotteries etc. held as part of promotional schemes should be independently monitored (e.g. by the institution's external auditor) and adequate systems put in place to ensure fair play and impartiality.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.13

            An appropriate system must also exist for informing participants of the results of a raffle/lottery without delay. Institutions must note that raffles/lotteries etc. may be subject to rules and requirements (including prior authorisation/approval) laid down by the Ministry of Industry and Commerce.

            Amended: April 2011
            Amended: January 2011
            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.14

            Banks may use small 'gifts' as an inducement to members of the public to use banks' services, provided such gifts are offered on a general basis and have a low monetary value.

            Amended: April 08
            October 07

          • BC-1.1.15

            Due note should be taken of the overriding provisions of Bahrain (and any other relevant) law in relation to institutions' duties to customers to the extent (if any) that promotional schemes might impact on such duties.

            Amended: January 2011
            Amended: April 08
            October 07

      • BC-1.2 Advertisements for Retail Banking Products and Services

        • BC-1.2.1

          Retail bank licensees must seek the CBB's prior written approval before placing advertisements in newspapers, public places, website or through the use of any other media.

          Added: July 2012

        • BC-1.2.2

          In implementing BC-1.2.1, the CBB will provide the retail bank licensee with a written decision within five business days of the receipt of request for approval.

          Amended: April 2013
          Added: July 2012

    • BC-2 Code of Conduct for Bank Dealers and Foreign Exchange and Money Brokers in the Foreign Currency and Deposit Markets

      • BC-2.1 Introduction

        • BC-2.1.1

          The Code of Conduct, which is prepared in cooperation with the Bankers' Society of Bahrain and foreign exchange brokers, provides rules in respect of certain kinds of practice which experience has shown may cause difficulty and may jeopardise the good standing of the Bahrain market. Management of banks and money brokers are responsible for ensuring that their institutions are in full compliance with the Code.

          October 07

        • BC-2.1.2

          Every broker and dealer shall at all times comply with the criteria in respect to market practice, integrity and conduct. Failure to comply with such criteria will be regarded as a serious offence by the CBB, which reserves the right to investigate any complaints brought to its attention. All participants should adhere to the spirit as well as to the letter of the Code.

          October 07

      • BC-2.2 Market Terminology and Definitions

        • BC-2.2.1

          The use of generally accepted precise terminology should reduce misunderstandings and frustration, and to this end Appendix BC-5 sets out, without claiming to be exhaustive, accepted market terminology and definitions.

          October 07

        • BC-2.2.2

          For the purpose of this Chapter, the following definitions apply:

          (a) 'Broker' means a money and foreign exchange broker who is authorised by the CBB to operate in Bahrain;
          (b) 'Principal' means a party undertaking a transaction through a broker; and
          (c) 'Bank' means any institution holding a banking license.
          Amended: April 2011
          October 07

      • BC-2.3 Confidentiality and Market Practice

        • BC-2.3.1

          Confidentiality is vital for the preservation of a reputable and efficient market. Accordingly, the exchange of confidential information in respect of third parties is forbidden.

          October 07

        • BC-2.3.2

          The rules which follow are not intended to define exhaustively the obligations of dealers and brokers but set down specific ways in which confidentiality should be safeguarded and operations should be conducted:

          (a) Use of phrases and terms likely to identify the name of the principal should be avoided at all times;
          (b) In foreign exchange transactions brokers should not disclose the name of the principal until the deal is being closed.
          A broker asking for a specific support price should be prepared to qualify the principal in terms of geographical location, by country or by region when the broker genuinely believes it will enable business to be concluded satisfactorily to the benefit of both broker and principal;
          (c) In deposit transactions, brokers should not disclose the name of the borrower until the broker is satisfied that the potential lender seriously intends to do business. Once a lender has asked for the identity of the borrower ('Who pays?'), the lender is committed to do business at the rate quoted with an acceptable name, until the lending bank takes the broker 'off' or puts himself under reference. In the event of the first disclosed name being unacceptable to the lender, the lender will be prepared to check other acceptable names provided that such names are shown to the lender by the broker within a reasonable amount of time, which should be stipulated if necessary;
          (d) In the deposit market, banks should whenever possible give brokers prior indication of those categories of principals and of any centres and areas with which they would be unwilling to do business, in order that the smooth operation of markets be facilitated and frustration be minimized. Lenders should indicate the amounts they are prepared to place with particular categories of borrower. Brokers should classify bids with an indication of the type and quality of names they are in a position to pass;
          (e) Practices whereby banks reject a succession of names in order to assess the market and brokers offer banks deals which have no chance of being concluded, merely in order to establish their interest, are totally unacceptable;
          (f) A principal is urged whenever possible to specify to a broker the rate, the amount, the currency, and the period of his requirements. The principal shall be willing to deal in a marketable amount with acceptable names and shall remain bound so to deal at the quoted rate unless either:
          (i) The broker is informed otherwise at the time of acceptance; or
          (ii) A time limit was placed (for example, 'Firm for one minute only').
          A broker who quotes a firm rate without qualification shall be prepared to deal at the rate, in a marketable amount. A broker, if quoting only the basis of one or two names, shall qualify his quotation, e.g., 'one small offeror – only two names paying'. The broker should indicate whether prices are firm or simply for guidance and, if requested by the principal, should be willing to indicate the amount involved. Further he should confirm with banks at reasonable intervals that their interest is still firm.
          It is the responsibility of the principal to ensure the broker is made aware of any circumstances which materially affect the validity of the order placed with the broker.
          (g) A principal, by selecting to 'put a broker on', is deemed to have a serious intention of completing business, and should allow the broker sufficient time to quote the principal's interest to a potential counterparty with a view to doing business. In quantifying a 'sufficient time' factors such as the currency, market conditions and communication systems employed, should be taken into account;
          (h) A broker is held responsible for advising a principal on every occasion that his deposit rates are being checked by a potential counterparty. This action should help minimise the occasional difficulties that arise when a principal 'takes a broker off' simultaneously to having his prices checked.
          Whenever possible and subject to market conditions, a bank in the deposit market should, before he 'takes a broker off' either a single order or several orders, check whether the broker is already committed to deal on his behalf;
          (i) 'Under reference' orders placed by banks with brokers without having first being placed as 'firm', are to be discouraged. Firm orders which are later qualified by a request to 'put me under reference' indicate a principal's weakening desire to conclude business with that broker. 'Under reference' orders should not be left with a broker for more than a few minutes. A principal must ensure that the broker has the opportunity frequently to check the validity of an 'under reference' order;
          (j) No person may visit the dealing room of any broker or any bank except with the consent of a Manager or Director of that institution. A broker shall not in any circumstances permit any visitors from a bank to deal for his bank in the dealing room of that broker;
          (k) Management of banks should issue clear directions to staff on the monitoring, control and recording of 'after hours' dealing from premises other than bank dealing rooms. All deals of this kind must be properly authorised and confirmed;
          (l) A bank dealer shall not apply unfair pressure upon a broker to pass information which it would be improper for the broker to pass. Unfair pressure would for example include a statement made in any form that a failure to co-operate would lead to reduction in the business given by the principal or by other principals to the broker;
          (m) A principal should not place an order with a broker solely with the intention of finding out the name of a counterparty, who can be contacted directly with a view to concluding further deals;
          (n) Management of banks and brokers should lay down clear directions to staff on the extent to which dealing in foreign exchange or deposits for personal accounts is permitted. Any such dealing must be strictly controlled;
          (o) Care should be taken over the positioning of 2-way loudspeakers in dealing rooms; and
          (p) Brokers and dealers should inform each other if conversations are being recorded. The use of such equipment is encouraged as a sensible means of enabling any subsequent disputes and differences to be settled.
          Amended: April 2011
          October 07

      • BC-2.4 Passing of Details

        • BC-2.4.1

          The passing and recording of details form an essential part of the transaction and the possibility of errors and misunderstanding is increased by delay and by the passing of details in batches. Brokers should pass details verbally, and principals should be prepared to receive them, normally within a few minutes after deals have been concluded.

          October 07

        • BC-2.4.2

          When arranging and passing details on forward contracts in foreign exchange, banks and brokers must ensure that the rate applied to the spot end of the transaction bears a close relationship to the spot rate at the time the deal was concluded.

          October 07

      • BC-2.5 Confirmations

        • BC-2.5.1

          Written confirmation by a broker is the final check on the details of the transaction. The handling of confirmations must take account of the desire of brokers to have a realistic time-limit placed on their liability for differences. There is an obligation on recipients to check such confirmations. Initial confirmations should be sent out by telex without delay, and at the latest by close of business on the same working day. They should be followed up by written confirmation, normally hand-delivered and receipted before close of business on the following working day.

          October 07

        • BC-2.5.2

          Banks must check all confirmations carefully upon receipt so that discrepancies shall be quickly revealed and differences minimised. Principals shall also make enquiries of brokers about particular confirmations which have not been received within an appropriate time (as above) or about any changes in contract terms.

          October 07

        • BC-2.5.3

          In the case of deals where a bank pays against telex confirmation, the broker remains liable for differences until receipt of written confirmation is provided by the bank.

          October 07

      • BC-2.6 Differences and Disputes

        • BC-2.6.1

          The majority of differences payable by brokers arise from errors occurring in payment or repayment instructions. They also arise from a broker, having in good faith indicated a firm rate, being unable to substantiate his quotation.

          October 07

        • BC-2.6.2

          Any differences deemed payable by a broker to a bank (or by a bank to a broker) should be settled as soon as possible. The parties should provide each other with documents, setting out the exact details of and circumstances surrounding the deal.

          October 07

        • BC-2.6.3

          It is acknowledged that differences are sometimes paid by 'points'. The management of broking firms should always ensure that this practice is strictly controlled and monitored.

          October 07

        • BC-2.6.4

          All differences settled by direct payment should be advised in writing by the broker to the Director of Reserve Management, CBB, (copied to the Bank) indicating the amount paid and the other party's name. The CBB reserves the right to ask for further information at its discretion.

          October 07

      • BC-2.7 Conduct

        • BC-2.7.1

          The CBB will regard any breaches of the rules stated below regarding gifts, favours, betting and entertainment unacceptable.

          October 07

        • Gifts and Favours

          • BC-2.7.2

            No broker, including management, employees and other persons acting on their behalf, shall offer or give inducements to dealing room personnel of a bank. No gifts or favours whatsoever shall be so given unless the broker is satisfied that the person responsible for dealing operations in the bank concerned has been informed of the nature of the gift or favour.

            October 07

          • BC-2.7.3

            Employees of banks shall not solicit inducements from brokers, nor shall they receive unsolicited gifts or favours from brokers without informing the person responsible for dealing operations in the bank concerned of the nature of such gifts or favours.

            October 07

        • Bets

          • BC-2.7.4

            The making or arranging of bets between brokers and bank dealers is totally unacceptable.

            October 07

        • Entertaining

          • BC-2.7.5

            It shall be the responsibility of management in both banks and brokers to ensure that entertainment offered in the course of business does not exceed reasonable limits and does not infringe standards of propriety and decency.

            October 07

      • BC-2.8 Responsibility

        • BC-2.8.1

          Brokers shall be responsible for ensuring that:

          (a) Their principals understand fully the limitations of the brokers' responsibilities for business and market conducted;
          (b) All their principals understand that they are required to conform, where appropriate, to the Code of Conduct;
          (c) Their staff carrying out transactions on behalf of principals are adequately trained both in the practices of the market-place and in the firm's responsibilities to principals; and
          (d) The CBB is notified of any changes in broking staff, in accordance with CBB requirements.
          October 07

        • BC-2.8.2

          Bankers shall be responsible for ensuring that:

          (a) Their dealing staff are adequately trained and supervised in the practices of the market (the requirement of this Code of Conduct should be fully understood by all staff involved in foreign exchange and currency deposit operations);
          (b) The CBB is notified of any changes in dealing staff, in accordance with CBB requirements;
          (c) Their staff understand that the ultimate responsibility for assessing the creditworthiness of a borrower or lender lies with the bank and not the broker;
          (d) Brokerage is normally payable at the end of the month in which the money passes, or otherwise by special arrangement; and
          (e) There is no pressure on brokers to reduce charges below the approved minimum rates.
          October 07

      • BC-2.9 Market Regulations – Foreign Exchange

        • Currencies

          • BC-2.9.1

            A broker will, in response to an enquiry from any bank, make known the currencies which it elects to quote and to make a service in.

            October 07

          • BC-2.9.2

            Each broker shall provide, on request by a bank taking a service, general market information on all currencies handled (whether for the time being active or not) by that broker.

            October 07

        • Brokerage

          • BC-2.9.3

            Brokers shall comply with the minimum scales of brokerage charges (see Section BC-4.6) agreed in consultation with the Bankers' Society Council from time to time, or laid down by the CBB.
            In cases where there is no established minimum scale of brokerage charges, no deals shall be transacted until a rate has been agreed. Rates of brokerage in these cases should be agreed in advance, and only by Directors or senior managers on each side, and in no event by the dealers themselves.

            October 07

          • BC-2.9.4

            Put-through deals may be net of brokerage.

            October 07

          • BC-2.9.5

            Brokerage should be expressed in US dollars.

            October 07

      • BC-2.10 Market Regulations – Currency Deposits

        • Brokerage

          • BC-2.10.1

            Brokers shall comply with the minimum scales of brokerage charges (see Section BC-4.6) agreed in consultation with the Bankers' Society Council from time to time, or laid down by the CBB. In cases where there is no established minimum scale of brokerage charges, no deals shall be transacted until a rate has been agreed. Rates of brokerage in these cases should be agreed in advance, and only by Directors or senior managers on each side, and in no event by the dealers themselves.

            October 07

          • BC-2.10.2

            Calculation of brokerage on all currency deposits shall be worked out on a 360-day year, or a 365-day year, according to normally accepted market practice. For example, Sterling and Kuwaiti Dinars are on a 365-day year basis, and US dollars and Saudi Riyals are on a 360-day year basis.

            October 07

        • Brokers' confirmations and statements should express brokerage in US dollars.

          • BC-2.10.3

            In a forward-forward deposit (e.g. one month against six months) the brokerage to be charged shall be on the actual intervening period (i.e. in the above example - five months).

            October 07

          • BC-2.10.4

            Put-through deals may be net of brokerage.

            October 07

      • BC-2.11 Market Discipline

        • BC-2.11.1

          As part of its responsibility for supervising the conduct of brokers and dealers in the foreign exchange and currency markets, the CBB may, at its discretion:

          (a) Investigate any complains concerning the conduct of brokers and dealers;
          (b) Investigate possible breaches of this Code by brokers and banks; and/or
          (c) Take such further action as it considers appropriate, in the light of all the relevant facts.
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

      • BC-2.12 Adjustment of Value Dates in Case of Unexpected Banking Closing Dates

        • BC-2.12.1

          Spot transactions and outrights:

          (a) Original agreed upon value date for identical currency sold and purchased: extension of value date to next possible value date for both currencies; and
          (b) Original agreed upon value date for non-identical currency sold and purchased (for instance, Friday for US Dollars and Saturday for Gulf Currencies): as unexpected banking closing days for non-Middle Eastern currencies are unlikely - value of non-Gulf currencies unchanged and value of Gulf currency on the next working day, adjusting spot or outright rate taking into account interest rate difference between the two currencies.
          For pure outrights it would be advisable to adopt same system as for swaps; however, implied swap difference is not visible or identical for both parties.
          •   It can be assumed that, if the above rule would cause substantial losses for one party, dealers will re-negotiate a new rate, on a case-by case basis; if no agreement can be reached, the CBB - as final arbitrator - will fix the interest rates, prevailing at that time, which will be used to calculate the points difference, with which the outright rate will be adjusted.

          It is possible that payment instructions for counter-currency are already sent out and cannot be cancelled; in that case the paying party should be entitled to the proceeds of the unexpected use of funds by the receiving party.

          Amended: April 2011
          October 07

        • BC-2.12.2

          Deposits:

          (a) Maturing on unexpected closing day(s): Extending deposit to next possible value date; interest to be calculated in the extended period at original agreed upon interest rate;
          (b) Starting on unexpected closing day(s) and maturing after unexpected closing day(s): Starting date will be extended to next possible value date without altering maturing date; interest to be calculated on the shortened period at the originally agreed upon interest rate; and
          (c) Starting on unexpected closing day(s) and maturing before or on next possible value date: Cancellation of deal:
          1. If payment instructions are already sent out by lender and can only be executed on next possible value date, and cannot be cancelled, borrower ensures repayment will be done on the same next possible value date. If in that case borrower cannot repay because of deadline of receiving instructions by correspondent on same next possible value day, parties negotiate a new deal starting at value date of payment by lender and maturing according to new deal.
          2. If payment instructions are already sent out by lender for capital and by borrower for capital and interest both payments will be executed at same next possible value date, lender should refund to borrower unearned interest.
          Amended: April 2011
          October 07

        • BC-2.12.3

          Swaps:

          (a) Maturing on unexpected closing day(s): Extending swap to next possible value date for both currencies, adjusting swap difference according to formula - swap difference divided by original number of days and multiplied by new number of days;
          (b) Starting on unexpected closing day(s) and maturing after unexpected closing day(s): Starting date for both currencies would be extended to next possible value date for both currencies without altering maturing date, adjusting swap difference according to Formula under Paragraph BC-2.12.3(a); and
          (c) Starting on unexpected closing day(s) and maturing before or on next possible value date: Deals are cancelled.

          If starting or maturing date of original swap under Paragraph BC-2.12.1 or Paragraph BC-2.12.2 is substantially different, per currency swap difference has to be recalculated in mutual agreement between the dealers;

          •   It is possible that payment instructions for counter currency are already sent out and cannot be cancelled - in that case paying party should be entitled to the proceeds of the unexpected use of funds by the receiving party;
          •   It is possible that payment instructions for Gulf currencies are already sent out and cannot be cancelled - in these cases rules according to Paragraph BC-2.12.2(c)-1 and Paragraph BC-2.12.2(c)-2 should be applied.
          Amended: April 2011
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

    • BC-3 Client Confidentiality

      • BC-3.1 Disclosure of Information about Individual Accounts

        • BC-3.1.1

          In accordance with Article 117 of the CBB Law, banks must not publish or release information to third parties concerning the accounts or activities of their individual customers, unless:

          (a) Such information is requested by the CBB or by an order from the Courts;
          (b) The release of such information is approved by the customer concerned; or
          (c) It is in compliance with the provision of the law or any international agreements to which the Kingdom is a signatory.
          Amended: April 2011
          October 07

    • BC-4 Customer Account Services and Charges

      • BC-4.1 Minimum Balance and Charges on Savings Accounts [This Section was deleted in April 2018]

        • BC-4.1.1

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          October 07

        • BC-4.1.2

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          October 07

      • BC-4.2 Dinar Certificates of Deposits – Rules

        • BC-4.2.1

          The purpose of the contents of this Section is to set out rules governing the issue of Dinar Certificates of Deposit by retail bank licensees.

          October 07

        • BC-4.2.2

          For the purpose of this Section, 'Dinar Certificates of Deposit' are financial instruments payable in Bahrain Dinars. They must be negotiable – in accordance with the Law of Commerce (No. 7) of 1987 – and must satisfy the conditions set out in this Section.

          October 07

        • Issue

          • BC-4.2.3

            Dinar Certificates of Deposit may be issued only by retail bank licensees and must be payable at their offices in Bahrain.

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.4

            Retail bank licensees may issue Certificates of Deposit to both resident and non-resident customers and to other banks inside and outside Bahrain.

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.5

            Retail bank licensees may not issue Certificates of Deposit until they receive the necessary funds.

            October 07

        • Denominations

          • BC-4.2.6

            Certificates of Deposit may be issued for any amount subject only to a minimum denomination of BD 30,000.

            October 07

        • Maturities

          • BC-4.2.7

            Certificates of Deposit may be issued for any maturity between 183 days (6 months) and 5 years.

            October 07

        • Interest Rates

          • BC-4.2.8

            The interest rates on Certificates of Deposit may be freely agreed between banks and their counterparties at the time of issue.

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.9

            Interest may be payable by agreement at a fixed or floating rate. In the case of a floating interest rate, the formula for revising the rate must be specified at the time of issue.

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.10

            Interest may be payable at maturity or on earlier dates specified at the time of issue.

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.11

            As an alternative to paying interest, Certificates of Deposit may be issued (like Treasury bills) at a discount to their face value (the repayment amount).

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.12

            Interest and discounted values should be calculated on the basis of a 360 day year.

            October 07

        • Negotiability

          • BC-4.2.13

            In view of their negotiability, Certificates of Deposit may be freely traded between banks, and between banks and customers. Issuing banks are permitted to re-purchase their own Certificates.

            October 07

        • Safe Custody

          • BC-4.2.14

            Although it is not obligatory, holders of Certificates of Deposit are advised to keep these certificates with a bank for safe custody and to handle them with care at all times.

            October 07

        • Reserve Ratio

          • BC-4.2.15

            Outstanding Certificates of Deposit are subject to reserve requirements in accordance with the provisions set out under Section BR-4.1.

            Amended: October 2013
            October 07

        • Other Conditions

          • BC-4.2.16

            Banks must not describe deposit receipts, confirmations and other non-negotiable documents relating to ordinary deposits as 'Certificates of Deposit' and must not include such liabilities among Certificates of Deposit in their monthly statistical reports (also see Module BR).

            October 07

          • BC-4.2.17

            In their statistical reports (also see Module BR), banks should always classify their outstanding Certificates of Deposit according to the type of customer (e.g. resident etc.) to whom they were first issued.

            October 07

      • BC-4.3 Disclosure of Charges by Retail Banks

        • BC-4.3.1

          In order to improve retail customer awareness and enhance transparency of retail banks charging structures, all retail banks must display in a prominent position, in Arabic and in English, by notice in their banking halls (both head offices and branches), a list of all applicable charges.

          Amended: October 2012
          Amended: April 2011
          October 07

        • BC-4.3.2

          Retail banks must also ensure that each customer is in receipt of their current list of charges, by enclosing such a list with account statements and displaying such charges on their websites. The list must specify standard charges and commissions that will be applied by the retail bank to individual services and transactions and to specific areas of business. Such notification must be made in instances where there are changes in the fees or when new fees are introduced.

          Amended: April 2013
          Amended: October 2012
          October 2007

        • Credit Agreements

          • BC-4.3.4

            For the purpose of this Section, the following definitions apply:

            (a) Credit agreement – Means all instalment financing agreements and lease agreements, as well as credit cards, overdraft, revolving and other types of credit offered to retail customers;
            (b) Customer – Means both the debtor and the guarantor (if any) and/or any potential debtor or guarantor;
            (c) Conspicuous notice – Means a written statement in both Arabic and English languages which is easily visible and legible and displayed in all retail banks' premises open to the public (head offices and branches), and via means such as websites, newspapers and other press notices;
            (d) Nominal annual rate – Means the interest rate charged to the customer, calculated by dividing the amount of the total interest by the amount of the funds provided to the customer and excluding any other charges, the results of which is divided by the number of years of the term of the credit agreement;
            (e) Outstanding credit amount – Means the amount outstanding under a credit agreement representing the amount of funds provided to the customer and any other charges that are included as part of the principal amount to be repaid by the customer over the duration of the agreement less any repayment made related to the principal amount at a specified date;
            (f) Principal – Means the amount of credit received plus any other charges, the total of which is subject to interest; and
            (g) Retail customers – Means a natural person.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.3

            A retail bank must make available, at their premises, information leaflets containing information on the key products and services in respect of all credit agreements including:

            (a) The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) as defined in Paragraph BC-4.3.10, for instalment financing facilities only; and
            (b) The annual interest rate on credit facilities (as referred to in Paragraph BC-4.3.14), commission, fees, one-off charges, expenses on behalf of third parties, exchange rates applied and any other charges.
            Amended: October 2012
            Amended: July 2012
            Amended: April 2011
            October 07

        • General Rules

          • BC-4.3.5

            Where a retail customer has a credit agreement with a retail bank, retail banks must:

            (a) Duly inform their customers in accordance with this Module about the nature and the characteristics (including relevant risks) of the credit agreements and services offered by them, and about the terms and conditions governing such agreements;
            (b) Periodically inform, in writing, their customers on the evolution and the terms of any credit agreement signed, throughout the duration of the contract (refer to Paragraphs BC-4.3.24 and BC-4.3.25);
            (c) Respond in due time, to customers' requests for the provision of information and clarifications regarding the application of contractual terms (refer to Paragraphs BC-4.3.29 and BC-4.3.30);
            (d) Appoint a customer complaints officer and publicise his/ her contact details (refer to Chapter BC-9 on Customer Complaints Procedures);
            (e) Ensure the proper training of employees involved in interfacing and providing specific information to customers;
            (f) Disclose information required in this document in both Arabic & English languages;
            (g) Show clearly the APR for instalment facilities and the annual rate of interest for other credit facilities on the credit agreement application and 'key terms disclosure' document; and
            (h) Disclose all information in a clear and readable form (refer to Paragraph BC-4.3.6).
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.6

            Marketing of customer credit agreements, advertising and sales promoting credit agreements, irrespective of the media used (SMS, Internet, printed material, telephone solicitation) must be clear and understandable, must be true and not misleading and meet the basic customer information requirements as defined in this Module. All advertisements for retail banking products and services are subject to CBB prior approval as per Paragraph BC-1.2.1. Retail banks are also asked to take special care to ensure that the content of any advertising material does not mislead or deceive the public in any way.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.7

            The use of "small print" to make potentially important information less visible is not compatible with good business conduct, and should be avoided.

            Added: October 2012

        • Minimum Disclosure Requirements

          • BC-4.3.8

            Retail banks must make:

            (a) Public disclosure regarding credit agreements; and
            (b) Disclosures to individual customer(s), whether these be during the course of the initial negotiation of the credit agreement or during the term of the facility being offered.
            Added: October 2012

        • Public Disclosure Requirements for all Credit agreements

          • BC-4.3.9

            The following public disclosures must be made by conspicuous notice for all types of credit agreements:

            (a) Any obligation on the part of the customer to open a deposit account with the retail bank as a condition of granting the credit agreement;
            (b) Any late payment charges;
            (c) The level of fees for any special services rendered, or one-off expenses, as well as any amount collected by retail banks on behalf of third parties;
            (d) Any fees or charges payable under any linked or mandatory contract entered into as a condition for the granting of the credit agreement, such as payment protection insurance; and
            (e) Any other charges not included above.
            Added: October 2012

        • Additional Public Disclosure for Instalment Financing Facilities

          • BC-4.3.10

            In addition to the requirements under Paragraph BC-4.3.9, retail banks must publicly disclose by conspicuous notice for instalment financing facilities:

            (a) The current Annual Percentage Rate (APR) as calculated using the APR methodology in Paragraph BC-4.3.31. The APR displayed must be calculated based on the following scenarios. In case of consumer finance, amount borrowed is BD10,000 for a 7-year term and for housing facilities, BD100,000 for 25 years.
            (b) The Annual Percentage Rate (APR), must be broken down as follows:
            (i) The annual nominal interest rate payable on the instalment financing;
            (ii) Administration/handling fees;
            (iii) In the case of finance lease contracts/ijara or deferred purchase contracts, any fees for purchasing the asset; and
            (iv) Any other mandatory charges (contingent costs are excluded); and
            (c) The terms and conditions for early repayment, partial or full, of the credit agreement, or for any change in the terms and covenants of the credit agreement, as well as any relevant charges (where permitted) and the way in which these are calculated.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.11

            The APR is a standard measure that allows customers to compare total charges for instalment financing facilities on a like-for-like basis. The APR allows the customer to compare the total charge for credit over differing periods (e.g. – two versus three years) or offered by different retail banks with differing payment profiles and taking into account the payment of any other fees payable as a condition of the contract, such as administration fees or insurance premiums.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.12

            Any advertising through any media means of instalment financing facilities, offered by the retail banks must specify only the APR (including all fees and charges) and no other rates, i.e. nominal, base, flat or rates by any other names.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.13

            For the purposes of Paragraph BC-4.3.10, the disclosures can be provided as one APR or a range of APRs for retail banks that provide instalment financing to different segments and products. A retail bank may have different customer segments with different risk profiles, for whom the APR offered on the same product may vary. However, the disclosures must comply with the scenarios outlined in Subparagraph BC-4.3.10(a).

            Added: October 2012

        • Additional Public Disclosure for Credit Agreements other than Instalment Financing Facilities

          • BC-4.3.14

            In addition to the requirements under Paragraph BC-4.3.9, retail banks must publicly disclose by conspicuous notice for Credit Agreements other than instalment financing facilities:

            (a) For credit cards, the monthly and the annual rate of interest plus other fees and charges;
            (b) For overdrafts, the annual rate of interest plus other fees and charges;
            (c) For floating-rate credit agreements, the interest rate clearly defined on the basis of the relevant base rate, the periods during which this rate would apply, as well as information on key factors that could affect the total cost of the credit agreement; and
            (d) For instances where the customer exceeds contractual credit lines, the terms and any relevant charges.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.15

            For credit agreements other than instalment financing facilities, any advertising through any media means must specify only the annual interest rate and other fees and charges.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.16

            For credit agreements other than instalment financing facilities, banks are prohibited from using the term APR in any advertising.

            Added: October 2012

        • Disclosure to Individual Customers: Initial Disclosure Requirements of Key Terms

          • BC-4.3.17

            Retail banks must make clear to potential customers, prior to entering into a credit agreement, all relevant key terms of the agreement in the credit agreement application and 'key terms disclosure' document, in order for them to clearly understand the characteristics of the services and products on offer. Retail banks must also comply with the disclosure requirements under the "Code of Best Practice on Consumer Credit and Charging" (see Appendix CM-2).

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.18

            The above "key terms disclosure" document must be summarised in plain English and Arabic. This document must be signed and dated by the customer(s) in duplicate as having been read and understood, prior to signing a credit agreement. One copy should be retained by the customer and the other must be retained by the retail bank in their customer file.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.19

            For credit agreements where a retailer extends credit to purchase goods or services by operating in agreement with retail banks, all conditions of the credit agreement must be disclosed in the credit agreement application and 'key terms disclosure' document, including when interest will begin to accrue, along with information on any indirect charges.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.20

            Credit agreements, referred to in Paragraph BC-4.3.19, must be finalised with an employee of the retail bank, whether located at the premises of the retailer or at the premises of the retail bank providing the credit. Interest must in no event be charged before the disbursement of funds.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.21

            Retail banks must inform the customers on the nature of their contractual relationship with the retail outlet and the customers' rights arising as a result of this relationship.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.22

            In addition to the initial disclosure of key terms noted in Paragraphs BC-4.3.17 to BC-4.3.21, the "key terms disclosure" document must at the time of signing the credit agreement, amongst other things, make clear:

            (a) The detailed breakdown of the payments:
            (i) The principal amount being borrowed, the interest per month and the maturity of the credit agreement;
            (ii) The net amount provided to the customer after deducting or applying any upfront or other charges;
            (iii) The total interest payments and principal repayment for the term of the credit agreement; and
            (iv) The total administration/handling fees and any other fees and charges spread over the term of the credit agreement.
            (b) The APR and the nominal annual rate as defined in Paragraphs BC-4.3.10 and BC-4.3.4(d) respectively;
            (c) Whether the rate of interest is fixed or can be varied, and under what circumstances;
            (d) The basis on which interest is charged (e.g. actual reducing balance) and applied to the account (e.g. monthly or quarterly compounding) and whether principal repayments are taken into account in the calculation, together with an illustration of the calculation method;
            (e) The detailed costs associated with "top-ups" of credit agreements or other alternative arrangements for extending additional credit or early repayments, whether partial or full, of amounts due including the treatment of remaining interest and the payment of premium for insurance;
            (f) Any late payment charges;
            (g) The annual interest rate and credit limit being offered for credit agreements such as credit cards and overdrafts; and
            (h) Any other charges related to the credit agreement not included above.
            Amended: January 2019
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.23

            Retail banks are free to design the layout and wording to be used in their 'key terms disclosure' document, as they see fit, providing they contain the information specified in Paragraph BC-4.3.22. The CBB will monitor compliance with the spirit as well as the letter of the requirements in this Chapter.

            Added: October 2012

        • Disclosure to Individual Customers: During the Term of the Credit Agreement

          • BC-4.3.24

            Retail banks must, at the time of signing the credit agreement, give the clients information on the payment schedule of the credit agreement, including the breakdown of principal, interest and other charges per month for the whole life of the facility. Information must be given, free of charge, at least on a semi-annual basis, unless the period of debt servicing is shorter or where there exists a prior agreement on a more frequent basis.

            Amended: January 2019
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.25

            In addition to the requirements under Paragraph BC-4.3.24, when credit is granted through credit cards or overdraft facilities, monthly statements must be provided and include information on minimum payment.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.25A

            Retail bank licensees must, when billing their customers, reflect the card transactions without rounding off the amounts in Fils. Retail bank licensees must collaborate with acquirers and Visa/MasterCard network schemes to ensure that there is no rounding off in any transaction irrespective of the currency of the transaction.

            Added: January 2019

        • Variation Disclosures Requirements

          • BC-4.3.26

            Retail banks must disclose to the customer in advance, either collectively or individually, all relevant changes or variations to a credit agreement. The circumstances in which a customer must be provided with variation disclosures are:

            (a) If both the retail bank and customer agree to change the credit agreement; in this case, the customer must be provided in writing with full particulars of the change, at least seven calendar days before it takes effect; and
            (b) If the credit agreement gives the retail bank power to vary fees or charges, the amount or timing of payments, the interest rate or the way interest is calculated, and the retail bank decides to exercise that power, the customer must be provided with full particulars of the change, including an updated schedule of the total interest payments and principal repayment for the remaining term of the credit agreement, at least thirty calendar days prior to the date the change takes effect. Such notice is to enable the customer to decide whether to accept the new terms or terminate the agreement by settling the outstanding credit amount, in accordance with relevant provisions therein, which must have been stated in a clear and understandable manner.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.27

            Any increase of the interest rate or the amount of any fee or charge payable under a credit agreement, must be disclosed publicly, by conspicuous notice, at least thirty calendar days prior to the date the change takes effect by:

            (a) Displaying the information prominently at the retail bank's place of business; and
            (b) Posting the information on the retail bank's website.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.28

            Any deferral of interest or principal announced by the retail bank must also take account of the APR methodology as shown in Paragraphs BC-4.3.31 to BC-4.3.33, and the new APR must be given to the client or made public in advertisements.

            Added: October 2012

        • Request Disclosure

          • BC-4.3.29

            The retail bank must provide a reply to any request for disclosure within fifteen business days of receiving the request.

            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.30

            Disclosures requested by the customer may include but are not limited to any or all of the following information about a credit agreement:

            (a) The effect of part prepayment on the customer's obligations;
            (b) Full particulars of any changes to the agreement since it was made;
            (c) The amount of any fee payable on part prepayment and how the fee will be calculated;
            (d) The amount required for full prepayment on a specified date and how the amount will be calculated;
            (e) The outstanding credit amount, including any outstanding interest charge (calculated at the date the disclosure statement is prepared);
            (f) The amount of payments made or to be made or the method of calculating the amount of those payments;
            (g) The number of payments made or to be made (if ascertainable);
            (h) How often payments are to be made;
            (i) The total amount of payments to be made under the agreement, if ascertainable; and
            (j) A copy of any disclosure statement that was or should have been provided before the request was made.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.31

            The APR must be calculated using the following methodology:

            K=m K'=m'
            Σ   Ak
            (1 + i) tk =  
            Σ   A'k'
            (1 + i) tk'  
            K=1 K'=1
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.32

            The meaning of letters and symbols used in the above formula are:

            K is the number identifying a particular advance of credit;
            K' is the number identifying a particular instalment;
            Ak is the amount of advance K;
            A'k' is the amount of instalment K;
            Σ represents the sum of all the terms indicated;
            m is the number of advances of credit;
            m' is the total number of instalments;
            tk is the interval, expressed in years between the relevant date and the date of advance K;
            tk' is the interval expressed in years between the relevant date and the date of instalment K';
            i is the APR, expressed as a decimal.
            Added: October 2012

          • BC-4.3.33

            For the purpose of this Chapter, the 'relevant date' is the earliest identifiable date on which the borrower is able to acquire anything which is the subject of the agreement (e.g. delivery of goods), or otherwise the 'relevant date' is the date on which the credit agreement is made.

            Added: October 2012

      • BC-4.4 Accounts Held for Clubs and Societies in Bahrain [This Section was deleted in January 2013 as requirements are covered under Section FC-1.6]

        • BC-4.4.1

          [This Paragraph was deleted in January 2013].

          Deleted: January 2013

        • BC-4.4.2

          [This Paragraph was deleted in January 2013].

          Deleted: January 2013

        • BC-4.4.3

          [This Paragraph was deleted in January 2013].

          Deleted: January 2013

      • BC-4.5 Current Accounts

        • BC-4.5.1

          Retail bank licensees levying fees on their low-balance customer current accounts are required by the CBB to apply such fees to average balances when these fall below a prescribed level during a specified period.

          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-4.5.2

          In order to prevent incidences of returned cheques due to maintenance of low-balance current accounts, the banks may convert some low-balance and/or inactive current accounts to savings accounts.

          October 07

      • BC-4.6 Brokerage Fees

        • BC-4.6.1

          The purpose of the contents of this Section is to set out the scale of brokerage fees effective for all banks in Bahrain.

          October 07

        • BC-4.6.2

          The scale of fees is the result of discussion and consultation between The Bankers' Society and the Bahrain Money Brokers.

          October 07

        • BC-4.6.3

          For the list of brokerage fees, see Appendix BC-6.

          October 07

      • BC-4.7 Notification to the CBB on Introduction of New or Changes to Customer Products and Facilities

        • BC-4.7.1

          [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2016.]

          Deleted: October 2016
          Amended: October 2012
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-4.7.2

          All retail banks licensed by the CBB are required to obtain the CBB's prior written approval before the introduction of any new or changes to customer products.

          Amended: October 2016
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-4.7.2A

          The reference to changes to customer products refers to the structure, features, risk profile in terms and conditions in existing product/service refers to changes that will have an additional financial cost to the customers.

          Added: October 2016

        • BC-4.7.3

          [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2011].

          Deleted: October 2011
          Amended: April 2011
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

      • BC-4.8 Dealing with Inheritance Claims

        • BC-4.8.1

          Licensees must ensure that no transfer of legal ownership of financial assets is made until they have sight of documentation (which must be duly copied for their records) from the Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs confirming the entitlement of a person or persons to inherit from the deceased. Such documentation must be complied with precisely. Particular care must be taken where minors (children) or other people lacking full legal capacity are named as inheritors.

          Amended: October 2012
          Amended: October 2011
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-4.8.2

          Without prejudice to Paragraph BC-4.8.1, financial assets may be distributed to the order of an individual provided that individual is named in a mandate, duly certified by the Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs, as having the permission to act on behalf of all of the inheritors.

          Amended: October 2012
          Amended: October 2011
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

      • BC-4.9 Compliance with the Code of Best Practice on Consumer Credit and Charging

        • BC-4.9.1

          Conventional bank licensees must comply with the Code of Best Practice on Consumer Credit and Charging as attached in Appendix CM-2 and the Investment Business Code of Practice requirements in this Chapter throughout the lifetime of their relationship with a customer.

          Adopted: April 2008

        • BC-4.9.2

          Conventional bank licensees must take responsibility for compliance with the above requirements by all persons carrying out regulated banking services on their behalf. Conventional bank licensees must put in place appropriate measures across all their business operations and distribution channels to ensure compliance with the requirements of the Code of Best Practice on Consumer Credit and Charging where relevant.

          Adopted: April 2008

      • BC-4.10 Transaction Advice

        • BC-4.10.1

          All retail banks must provide at no charge, a transaction advice service for its customers (natural persons). This service information must be communicated through short message service (SMS) on all types of withdrawals/deductions from customer's account and any credit and pre-paid card transaction, including, but not limited to:

          (a) ATM withdrawals;
          (b) Internal and external transfers from the customer's account/credit and pre-paid cards;
          (c) Withdrawals through a bank counter;
          (d) Point of sale (POS) transactions;
          (e) Any withdrawals and payments from the customer's account and credit and pre-paid-cards through mobile, internet or other electronic means;
          (f) Any repayment of outstanding credit card balances; and
          (g) Any other withdrawals or deductions from the customer's account and credit and pre-paid cards.
          Amended: October 2016
          October 2011

        • BC-4.10.2

          [Deleted in October 2016 as per EDBS/KH/34/2016 letter dated 28th July 2016].

          Deleted: October 2016
          October 2011

      • BC-4.11 Donations to NGO Accounts

        • BC-4.11.1

          All retail banks must waive any administrative fees when transferring donated funds from the donor accounts to the accounts of NGOs registered with the Ministry of Social Development (MoSD), provided that a valid funds collection license is presented to the bank by the concerned NGO.

          Added: April 2014

        • BC-4.11.2

          All retail banks must refrain from transferring any funds, collected by way of donations or fund raising, to the account of any society or club where the NGO has not submitted a valid written fund collection license to the bank, as required under Paragraph BC-4.11.1.

          Added: April 2014

        • BC-4.11.3

          Banks must notify the CBB in instances where donated funds have been received and no valid license was submitted. The CBB will then inform the MoSD accordingly.

          Added: April 2014

        • BC-4.11.4

          NGOs, including societies and clubs, registered with the MoSD, and having fund collection licenses, are listed in the NGOs fund collection directory, available on the website of the MoSD.

          Added: April 2014

        • BC-4.11.5

          NGOs registered with the MoSD and holding a fund collection license must present such license to the concerned banks in order for the related administration fee to be waived.

          Added: April 2014

        • BC-4.11.6

          Administration fees will be waived by the banks only for the period of the validity of the funds collection license.

          Added: April 2014

      • BC-4.12 Credit Check Reports

        • BC-4.12.1

          Where a pensioner has been requested to produce a credit report by the Social Insurance Organization (SIO) to establish his/her credit standing, conventional retail bank licensees must not levy any administrative charges.

          Added: October 2015

      • BC-4.13 Fees and Charges for Services Provided to Individuals

        • BC-4.13.1

          Retail bank licensees must comply with the caps on fees and charges for standard services provided to individuals effective from 1st May 2018 as per the table in Appendix BC-7 in Part B of the CBB Rulebook Volume 1.

          Added: April 2018

        • BC-4.13.2

          Fees and charges on withdrawals done through bank counters for amounts below the ATM withdrawal limits must be waived for all of the following customers:

          (a) Orphans;
          (b) Widows;
          (c) Pensioners;
          (d) Individuals receiving social subsidies from Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs;
          (e) Students; and
          (f) Bahraini nationals with a monthly salary below BD 250.
          Added: January 2019

      • BC-4.14 Fees and Charges for Services Provided to Companies Under Formation

        • BC-4.14.1

          Retail bank licensees may charge companies under formation a fee capped at BD 10 for the issuance of letter of confirmation of capital maintained with the bank regardless of the capital amount deposited and maintained.

          Added: October 2018

        • BC-4.14.2

          Retail bank licensees must not charge any setup fees for opening bank accounts for companies under formation.

          Added: October 2018

      • BC-4.15 Interest on Credit Card Transactions

        • BC-4.15.1

          Conventional retail bank licensees must comply with the following requirements with regards to charging interest on credit card statement dues:

          (a) Interest must not be charged if the customer pays the full amount billed and due before or on the due date specified in the monthly credit card statement except for cash withdrawal transactions;
          (b) Interest must not be charged on partial payments made by the customer on or before the due date specified in the monthly credit card statement against credit card amount billed and due;
          (c) Interest on cash withdrawal transactions must be computed from the date of the transaction ("transaction date");
          (d) Interest on credit card amounts billed but unpaid on or before the due date must be computed from the posting date of the transaction; and
          (e) Interest must not be charged on outstanding interest amounts, fees and charges due from the customer.
          Added: July 2019

        • BC-4.15.2

          For the purpose of charging interest on credit card dues, conventional retail bank licensees must only calculate interest charges using 365-days a year basis.

          Added: July 2019

      • BC-4.16 Interest on Credit Facilities

        • BC-4.16.1

          Conventional retail bank licensees must not charge interest on credit facilities using a 'monthly flat rate'; they must instead use an effective interest rate based on a reducing balance method.

          Added: October 2019

    • BC-5 Dishonoured Cheques

      • BC-5.1 Penalty System for Dishonoured Cheques

        • BC-5.1.1

          The purpose of the contents of this Section is to set out Rules relating to the system of penalising any person, whether natural or corporate in form, (referred to as a 'customer' in this Chapter) whose cheque is:

          (a) Presented for payment, but is returned due to insufficient funds being available on his current account, where,
          (b) In the opinion of the bank on whom the cheque is drawn, such cheque has been issued by the customer in bad faith.
          Cheques falling within this system are referred to as 'dishonoured cheques'. Due regard must be given by retail banks to the general provisions of Bahrain Law regarding joint accounts, partnership accounts and accounts in the name of corporate entities, as well as to the customer mandate in each case, to determine how such accounts may be dealt with for purposes of the Rules in this Chapter.
          Amended: October 2012
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • Procedures to be Followed

          • BC-5.1.2

            On each occasion that a retail bank becomes aware of a dishonoured cheque of one of its customers, that bank will send a written warning to the relevant customer informing him/her of the existence of the dishonoured cheque, requesting him/her to immediately make good the insufficiency in his current account in order to clear the cheque. This written warning will also inform the customer of the provisions of this system with regard to dishonoured cheques and abusers of cheques.

            Amended: October 2012
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.3

            On the first working day of each calendar month, each retail bank must provide to the CBB a list of the names, supported with I.D. numbers (CPR or CR numbers (as applicable) for Bahrain residents, Passport or CR-equivalent numbers (as applicable) for non-Bahrain residents) of those customers to whom one (or more) written warning(s) has been sent in accordance with Paragraph BC-5.1.2 above during the immediately preceding calendar month. This list should specify the number of written warnings relating to dishonoured cheques for each customer of the relevant retail bank for the month in question and shall be in the form set out in Appendix BC-1. Retail banks will be responsible for ensuring the accuracy of all details on their respective lists.

            Amended: October 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.4

            Using the lists referred to in Paragraph BC-5.1.3 above, the CBB will prepare a further list (the 'Control List') of those customers to whom two or more written warnings were sent by any one or more retail bank licensees at any time within a maximum period of three consecutive calendar months. The Control List, which will be in the form set out in Appendix BC-2, will specify the name and I.D. numbers of each such customer, the total number of dishonoured cheques for that customer included in the lists referred to in Paragraph BC-5.1.3 above, the name of the relevant bank(s) on whose list(s) the customer's name has been included, and other relevant details for banks' information and checking in accordance with Paragraph BC-5.1.5 below. Any customer to whom more than two written warnings relating to dishonoured cheques were sent by any one or more retail bank licensees at any time within a maximum period of three consecutive calendar months will be automatically deemed an abuser of cheques for the purposes of Paragraph BC-5.1.7 below.

            Amended: October 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.5

            On the second working day of each calendar month, the CBB will circulate a draft copy of the Control List to all retail bank licensees. Banks will be requested to check the accuracy of the Control List by reference to the information they have sent to the CBB in accordance with Paragraph BC-5.1.3 above, and to notify the CBB within a maximum period of one week of receiving the list of any inaccuracies on the Control List. The Control List, as amended if appropriate, will be circulated to retail bank licensees by the CBB on the second working day after it receives all responses from concerned banks. Retail bank licensees will be required to monitor the customers on this Control List to establish whether any one or more of them issued another dishonoured cheque in the instant calendar month. Any bank becoming aware of a dishonoured cheque of one or more of its customers on the Control List during this month should notify the CBB of this fact, using the relevant section in Appendix BC-1, on the first working day of each calendar month.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.6

            If the CBB does not receive any notification as contemplated in Paragraph BC-5.1.5 above for a particular customer on the Control List, that customer's name shall be withdrawn from the next issue of the Control List. However, the CBB will monitor the names of customers appearing on the Control List during the three consecutive calendar months falling immediately after the calendar month in which a customer's name is taken off the Control List. If any such customer's name is again reported to the CBB pursuant to Paragraph BC-5.1.3 above at any time during this three-month period,

            (a) His name will be returned to the Control List on the date of its next issue if there is only one dishonoured cheque reported in this context; or
            (b) He will be automatically deemed an abuser of cheques for the purposes of Paragraph BC-5.1.7 below if there is more than one dishonoured cheque reported in this context.
            If, however, his name is not reported to the CBB in this regard, the CBB will cease its monitoring thereof.
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.7

            If the CBB does receive notification as contemplated in Paragraph BC-5.1.5 above for a particular customer on the Control List, or if a customer is deemed to be an abuser of cheques within Paragraph BC-5.1.4 or Paragraph BC-5.1.6 above, such customer (herein referred to as an 'abuser of cheques') will be penalised as follows. Using Appendix BC-3, on the second working day of the calendar month following the receipt of the information referred to above, the CBB will circulate a draft list to all retail bank licensees. Banks will be requested to check the accuracy of this list by reference to the information they have sent to the CBB in accordance with Paragraph BC-5.1.5 above, and to notify the CBB within a maximum period of one week of receiving the list of any inaccuracies on that list. The list, as amended if appropriate, will be circulated to retail bank licensees by the CBB on the second working day after it receives all responses from banks, and will direct the bank(s) which has/have reported an abuser of cheques to withdraw all cheque books held by that abuser of cheques, and to close such person's current account(s) by transferring any balances therein to saving and/or any other accounts held with that/those bank(s). Furthermore, that bank(s) must not provide current account facilities to that abuser of cheques for the twelve calendar month period immediately following the date of issue of the relevant list. All other banks should, within a maximum period of one month after the issue of the relevant list, also withdraw current account facilities from that abuser of cheques for the same twelve calendar month period. Retail bank licensees will be entitled to recover any amounts due to them from abusers of cheques as a result of compliance with this system by availing of their set-off rights under Bahrain Law.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.8

            On Appendix BC-4, the CBB will notify retail bank licensees of those abusers of cheques in respect of whom the twelve calendar month period referred to in Paragraph BC-5.1.7 above has ended, and to whom banks may reinstate/offer current account facilities at their discretion.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.9

            Nothing in this Directive shall prejudice the rights of banks against customers otherwise existing under Bahrain Law and/or under any particular bank/customer agreement. Furthermore, retail bank licensees will be entitled to the same immunity from prosecution as the CBB for any harm suffered, or alleged to be suffered, by customers as a result of banks complying with the Rules in this Chapter.

            Amended: October 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-5.1.10

            The Rules may be amended, in whole or in part, from time to time by the CBB. In addition, the CBB may, at its discretion and as it so deems appropriate, issue specific directions to all or any retail bank licensees regarding abusers of cheques or any particular abuser of cheques.

            Amended: October 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

      • BC-5.2 General Guidance on Administration of Dishonoured Cheques

        • BC-5.2.1

          Retail bank licensees that wish to issue cheque guarantee cards for an amount not exceeding BD 200 may do so, subject to informing the Director of Banking Services at the CBB of their intention and the arrangements governing the issue of such cards.

          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-5.2.2

          Retail bank licensees, generally, should take steps to extend their administrative supervision and control over current account customers (in particular those who are in repeated breach of normally-accepted behaviour), and to stress to account holders the need for an appropriate level of discipline in the usage of cheques.

          October 07

        • BC-5.2.3

          Retail bank licensees should exercise greater vigilance over borrowers, especially in the area of consumer finance, where such borrowers maintain their current accounts at a bank or banks other than at the lending bank.

          October 07

        • BC-5.2.4

          The CBB will monitor the incidence of returned cheques on a monthly basis (as stipulated in Section BC-5.1) in order to determine the extent to which such incidence is being reduced or otherwise.

          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

      • BC-5.3 Penalty Charges on Dishonoured Cheques

        • BC-5.3.1

          The CBB will impose penalty charges of BD 7 on each returned cheque for the reasons of 'Insufficient Funds', 'Refer to Drawer', 'Not Arranged For', 'Present the cheque again', and 'Account Closed'. Individual banks will continue to be informed daily of any charges accruing to their accounts. The respective accounts will be debited on the same day.

          Amended: July 2017
          Amended: October 2013
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-5.3.2

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          Amended: October 2013
          October 07

    • BC-5A Return Policy — Post-Dated Cheques

      • BC-5A.1 Return Policy — Post-Dated Cheques

        • BC-5A.1.1

          When a customer fully repays his/her credit outstanding amount in full or settles in part pursuant to a settlement agreement, the subject retail bank licensee must immediately return all holding of the customer's post-dated cheques taken as collateral or destroy such cheques and inform the customer in writing.

          Added: January 2017

    • BC-6 Automated Teller Machines (ATM)

      • BC-6.1 [This Section was deleted in October 2019].

        • BC-6.1.1

          [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

          Deleted: October 2019
          October 07

        • BC-6.1.2

          [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

          Deleted: October 2019
          Amended: October 2012
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • General Criteria

          • BC-6.1.3

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.4

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.5

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.6

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: July 2016
            Amended: April 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.7

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.8

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.9

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.10

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Amended: April 2012
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-6.1.11

            [This Paragraph was deleted in October 2019].

            Deleted: October 2019
            Added: April 2012

      • BC-6.2 GCC ATM Network Charges [This Section was deleted in April 2018]

        • BC-6.2.1

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          October 07

        • BC-6.2.2

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          October 07

        • BC-6.2.3

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

      • BC-6.3 Local ATM Network Charges [This Section was deleted in April 2018]

        • BC-6.3.1

          [This paragraph was deleted in April 2018].

          Deleted: April 2018
          Amended: April 2016
          Added: January 2014

        • BC-6.3.2

          [This Paragraph was deleted in April 2016.]

          Deleted: April 2016
          Added: January 2014

        • BC-6.3.3

          [This Paragraph was deleted in April 2016.]

          Deleted: April 2016
          Added: January 2014

    • BC-7 Margin Trading System

      • BC-7.1 Introduction

        • BC-7.1.1

          This Chapter applies to all full commercial banks in Bahrain.

          October 07

        • BC-7.1.2

          Investors purchasing securities listed on any licensed exchange may pay for them under the Margin Trading System ("The System") by borrowing a portion of the purchase price from a participating bank. The System is subject to relevant provisions of the CBB Law, the Rulebook of the licensed exchange, any rules and regulations issued pursuant to such Law, Rulebook and this Module. The System applies to equities in companies listed on any licensed exchange. Unless restrictions apply under Bahrain law in this regard, the System shall be available to Bahraini or non-Bahraini investors, whether resident or non-resident in Bahrain.

          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • BC-7.1.3

          The main objective of introducing the System is to enhance the overall activity on any licensed exchange, allowing investors to leverage their investments, in a controlled manner.

          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • General Criteria

          • BC-7.1.4

            Only retail bank licensees will be permitted to act as participating banks for the System. Participating banks must each receive the prior general written approval of the CBB in order to take part in the System. The CBB will notify the licensed exchange of the identity of participating banks for the System. The CBB's approval may be withdrawn at its discretion.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-7.1.5

            SRO members who are not retail banks will not be permitted to act as lenders or financiers for the System.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

      • BC-7.2 Limits and Trading Rules

        • BC-7.2.1

          An investor may, through his relationship with any participating bank under the System, invest in securities made up by way of the investor's own initial margin and by way of financing from the relevant participating bank to that investor.

          Amended July 09
          October 07

        • BC-7.2.2

          Such financing referred to in Paragraph BC-7.2.1 is subject to the limit on margin percentage given in Paragraph BC-7.2.10.

          Amended: January 2011
          Amended July 09
          October 07

        • BC-7.2.3

          The amount of the margin facility made to an investor under the System shall be included as an exposure to that customer, and contribute towards the large exposures limit and the consumer finance limit for that person.

          October 07

        • BC-7.2.4

          The total amount of financing granted by an individual participating bank to all investors under the System shall not, at any time exceed 15% of that participating bank's capital base, such percentage to be reviewed by the CBB at its discretion from time to time.

          October 07

        • BC-7.2.5

          The CBB will require participating banks to inform the Credit Reference Bureau ('CRB') of all facility limits approved to investors under the System from time to time. Participating banks must check with the CRB on the amount of facility limits outstanding under the System at any time to a particular investor.

          Amended: July 2016
          Amended: January 2011
          October 07

        • SRO Members

          • BC-7.2.6

            Only licensed SRO members who meet the requirements to participate in the System and are authorised as such by the licensed exhange and the CBB will be permitted to act as brokers for the System.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

        • Documentation

          • BC-7.2.7

            Only standard-form documents (application forms and agreements) will be used for the System. Standard-form agreements, drafted and approved in advance by the licensed exchange, will be entered into between the participating bank and the investor (in respect of financing), and between the participating bank and the investor and the SRO member (in respect of trading) and, as relevant, these agreements shall (amongst other things) confirm that:

            (a) The investor is borrowing or financing a stated amount from the participating bank for the purpose of taking part in the System;
            (b) The investor will repay such stated amount, together with any interest or charges thereon, when due and in accordance with the agreement;
            (c) The investor understands the risks involved in margin trading as well as the implications of the undertakings given by him;
            (d) The participating bank can sell the securities bought through the System if the relevant margin is called and not met, without further formalities being required;
            (e) The SRO member is liable for marking the securities to market on a daily (or more frequent) basis and for keeping the participating bank updated as to the participating bank's exposure to the investor;
            (f) The investor can place orders with the broker for the purchase of securities up to the limit permitted by the agreement;
            (g) Each party to the agreement in question shall abide by the duty of confidentiality imposed on him in relation to the matters set out in the agreement; and
            (h) There is an overriding obligation on the parties thereto to comply with Bahrain law in general and, in particular, with the share-ownership restrictions applying to certain types of securities.
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

        • Owner of the Securities bought Using the System

          • BC-7.2.8

            For ease of transfer and sale of the securities in the event that a margin is called by the participating bank but not met by the investor, the securities will be registered in the participating bank's name (for the account of the investor) and held by a custodian.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

          • BC-7.2.9

            Under Paragraph BC-7.2.8 above; (a) the securities should not be considered as part of the bank's own assets for the purposes of determining ownership/control under Bahrain law, and (b) if the investor has discharged his obligations to the participating bank under the System and the securities have not been sold, the securities shall be transferred into the legal ownership of the investor.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

        • Margin Percentage

          • BC-7.2.10

            For equities listed on any licensed exchange, an investor shall have the right to borrow a loan the value of which shall not exceed 50% of the total value of the funds being invested (i.e. 1:1). The CBB and the licensed exchange shall coordinate in making any change to the margin percentages set for the System.

            Amended: April 2011
            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

        • Margin Call Top-up

          • BC-7.2.11

            The margin call top-up shall be 30% of the total value of the funds invested by an investor through a margin account with a participating bank. An investor shall settle a margin call on the settlement date (as determined by the BSE) by making a cash payment of such amount to the participating bank. Such cash payment may, at the investor's discretion and in whole or part, come from the sale of the securities bought through the System, or otherwise. Failure to meet such margin call will, however, give the participating bank the right to sell the securities bought through the System.

            Amended: January 2011
            October 07

        • Margin Interest

          • BC-7.2.12

            The participating bank shall charge a rate of interest or impose charges on the financing amount granted to the investor at a rate or on a basis to be determined by the participating bank. In the event that investor's margin account is in credit in excess of the margin applicable thereto, interest or profit shall be paid on the excess at a rate to be determined by the participating bank.

            October 07

    • BC-8 Investment Business Activities

      • BC-8.1 Scope of Application in Relation to Customer Categories

        • BC-8.1.1

          This Chapter provides for two categories of customers, and applies different levels of protection to each, depending on their level of sophistication.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.1.2

          The scope of application of this Chapter BC-8 with regards to customer categories is as follows:

          Section Subject Matter Customer Category
          BC-8.3 Overarching Principles All categories.
          BC-8.4 Customer Classification All categories.
          BC-8.5 Marketing and Promotion All categories; BC-8.5.3 and BC-8.5.4 apply to retail customers only.
          BC-8.6 Accepting Customers Retail customers only.
          BC-8.7 Suitability Retail customers only.
          BC-8.8 Disclosure of Information All categories; BC-8.8.5 to BC-8.8.12 apply to retail customers only.
          BC-8.9 Dealing and Managing All categories; various Rules apply to retail customers only.
          BC-8.10 Reporting to Customers All categories.
          BC-8.11 Complaints All categories.
          BC-8.12 Conflicts of Interest All categories.
          BC-8.13 Appendix All categories; various Paragraphs apply to retail customers only.


          Added: April 2008

        • Overseas Branches and Subsidiaries

          • BC-8.1.3

            Locally incorporated conventional bank licensees must ensure that their branches and subsidiaries operating in foreign jurisdictions comply, at a minimum, with local conduct of business standards and regulatory requirements (where applicable).

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.1.4

            For branches of foreign banks located in Bahrain, these requirements only apply to the business and customers of the Bahrain branch.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.1.5

            The CBB encourages locally incorporated conventional bank licensees to apply — with respect to their overseas branches and subsidiaries — conduct of business standards at least equivalent to those set out in this Module. Where this is not the case, then the CBB will consider any potential risk to the conventional bank licensee that may arise through adverse reputational or other consequences.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.2 General Rules

        • BC-8.2.1

          This Module applies to the regulated banking services listed in Subparagraphs LR-1.3.1 (h to l) of all conventional bank licensees.

          Amended: April 2012
          Amended: January 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.2.2

          This Module aims to encourage high standards of business conduct, which are broadly applicable to all conventional bank licensees, all regulated banking services referred to in Paragraph BC-8.2.1, and all types of customers. The CBB, nevertheless, recognises that customers' level of sophistication and understanding of risks underlying financial instruments vary. Accordingly, the level of safeguards provided for in the business conduct requirements for retail customers, for instance, are different from those for accredited investors.

          Amended: January 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.2.3

          This Chapter comprises a number of overarching principles of business conduct, with respect to the conduct of regulated banking services by conventional bank licensees; these cover the various stages of the life of a customer relationship.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.2.4

          Conventional bank licensees must maintain adequate records to demonstrate compliance with the requirements in this Chapter.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.2.5

          The CBB will monitor compliance with this Chapter. If required, the CBB may develop more detailed rules and guidance to supplement the existing IBCP.

          Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.3 Overarching Principles

        • BC-8.3.1

          In the course of offering regulated banking services listed in Paragraph BC-8.2.1, licensees must:

          (a) Act with due skill, care and diligence in all dealings with customers;
          (b) Act fairly and reasonably in all dealings with customers;
          (c) Identify customers' specific requirements in relation to the products and services about which they are enquiring;
          (d) Ensure that any advice to customers is aimed at the customers' interests and based on adequate standards of research and analysis;
          (e) Provide sufficient information to enable customers to make informed decisions when purchasing investment products and services offered to them;
          (f) Provide sufficient and timely documentation to customers to confirm that their investment arrangements are in place and provide all necessary information about their products, rights and responsibilities;
          (g) Maintain fair treatment of customers through the lifetime of the customer relationships, and ensure that customers are kept informed of important events;
          (h) Ensure complaints from customers are dealt with fairly and promptly;
          (i) Ensure that all information provided to customers is clear, fair and not misleading, and appropriate to customers' information needs; and
          (j) Take appropriate measures to safeguard any money and property handled on behalf of customers and maintain confidentiality of customer information.
          Amended: January 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.3.2

          The Rules contained in Chapter BC-8 are largely principles-based and focus on desired outcomes rather than on prescribing detailed measures to achieve those outcomes. This gives conventional bank licensees flexibility in how to implement the basic standards prescribed in this Module.

          Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.4 Customer Classification

        • BC-8.4.1

          A conventional bank licensee must classify the persons with or for whom it intends to carry on regulated banking services listed in Paragraph BC-8.2.1, in accordance with the requirements in this Section, and communicate its classification to the person concerned. The customer must be notified of his/her customer classification before any documentation is finalised or where regulated banking services or products listed in Paragraph BC-8.2.1 are offered.

          Amended: January 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.4.2

          The purpose of the classification is to ensure that conventional bank licenseescustomers are appropriately categorised so that regulatory protections are focused on those classes of customer that need them most: The following wording may be used for customer notification of status. ‘According to the Central Bank of Bahrain Rulebook, we are required to notify all customers of their status for the purpose of investment business and certain regulated banking services. For the purpose of this relationship, you are classified as an accredited investor/retail customer.’

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.4.3

          Before conducting regulated banking services listed in Paragraph BC-8.2.1 with or for any person, a conventional bank licensee must take reasonable steps to obtain appropriate information to establish whether that person is an accredited investor or a retail customer.

          Amended: January 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.4.4

          The treatment of a conventional bank licensee’s customers must be in accordance with the classification it has established for the purpose of Rule BC-8.4.3.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.4.5

          Where specific rules do not exist for a particular class of customers, the CBB requires appropriate treatment in accordance with the overarching principles set forth in Section BC-8.3.

          Added: April 2008

        • Accredited Investors

          • BC-8.4.6

            For the purpose of Rule BC 8.4.3, an accredited investor includes:

            (a) Individuals holding financial assets (either singly or jointly with their spouse) of USD 1,000,000 or more;
            (b) Companies, partnerships, trusts or other commercial undertakings, which have financial assets available for investment of not less than USD 1,000,000; or
            (c) Governments, supranational organisations, central banks or other national monetary authorities, and state organisations whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments (such as state pension funds).
            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.4.7

            Conventional bank licensees must notify a customer (that is not licensee of the CBB or a licensed financial institution in a foreign country) in writing, that he is being classified as an accredited investor and provide a written warning that he will not benefit from the specific protections afforded to retail investors.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.4.8

            Persons classified as accredited investors under Rule BC-8.4.6 may, however, request treatment as retail customers where the concerned product is a listed security or is retail in nature, in which case conventional bank licensees must agree to treat them as retail customers.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.4.9

            A retail customer, as defined in Rule BC-8.4.10, may voluntarily elect to be treated as an accredited investor. In this instance the conventional bank licensee must obtain a signed declaration to that effect prior to any provision of regulated banking services.

            Added: April 2008

        • Retail Customer

          • BC-8.4.10

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.4.3 a retail customer means a customer who is not classified as an accredited investor under Rule BC-8.4.6 .

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

        • Records

          • BC-8.4.11

            A conventional bank licensee must make a record of the classification established for each customer, including sufficient information to support such classification.

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.5 Marketing and Promotion

        • BC-8.5.1

          The requirements of this section apply to product specific or service specific material and not to general brand awareness promotional material.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.2

          Conventional bank licensees must ensure that all advertising and promotional material that is sent to any class of customer is fair, clear and not misleading.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.3

          With respect to retail customers, in ensuring that the description of the product or the service in the promotional material is fair, clear and not misleading, the conventional bank licensee should, among other precautionary measures, ensure that:

          a) The purpose, and to the extent practicable, the content, of the information or communication are likely to be understood by the average member of the group to whom the communication is addressed;
          b) Key items contained in the information are given due prominence;
          c) The method of presentation in the information does not disguise, diminish, or obscure important risks, warnings or information; and
          d) The communication does not omit information that is material to ensure it is fair, clear and not misleading.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.4

          In ensuring that the description of the product or the service in the promotional material is fair, the conventional bank licensee should avoid exaggerating the potential benefits of the investment service or financial instrument in any communication with a retail customer or potential retail customer.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.5

          In ensuring that the description of the product or the service in relation to promotional material directed at retail customers is adequate, the conventional bank licensee should: ensure that the promotional material contains a balanced description of the main characteristics of the financial instrument and/or service state it relates, including the nature of the financial commitment and risks involved; whether or not the financial instruments involved are illiquid, and traded in a recognised exchange or market; the existence or absence of any right of withdrawal or cancellation and, where such a right exists, its duration and the conditions for exercising it, including information on any amount that the retail customer may be required to pay to exercise that right; and state if the communication relates to a financial instrument or service of a person other than the conventional bank licensee, the name of the person.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.6

          Conventional bank licensees must ensure that the accuracy of all material statements of fact in promotional materials is supported by adequate evidence.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.7

          Conventional bank licensees must not, in any form of communication with an individual customer or any class of customer, unreasonably attempt to limit or avoid any duty or liability it may have to that individual customer or class of customer in relation to regulated banking services, unless otherwise agreed in writing by both parties.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.8

          An example of an unreasonable attempt to limit liability is where a financial product is given protection or compensation status in its home country and such status is not given by the Bahrain Bank (or branch) to its customers.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.5.9

          Conventional bank licensees that underwrite or market public offerings must ensure that their promotional material complies with the relevant capital markets disclosure standards of the CBB.

          Added: April 2008

        • BD-8.5.10

          Capital markets disclosure standards are currently contained in the Disclosure Standards Regulation of 3 December 2003.

          Added: April 2008

        • Content of Promotions

          • BC-8.5.11

            Before a conventional bank licensee communicates any promotional material on a specific product or service to a customer or a potential customer it must ensure that the promotional material at the very least contains the information laid out in Paragraph BC-8.13.1.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.12

            Conventional bank licensees must not make use of the name of the CBB in any promotion in such a way that would indicate endorsement or approval of its products or services.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.12A

            For greater certainty, notification in promotion material that a bank is licensed by the CBB is not regarded as endorsement or approval by the CBB of any products or services being offered by the bank and does not contravene the requirements of Paragraph BC-8.5.12.

            Added: July 2012

        • Records

          • BC-8.5.13

            Conventional bank licensees must maintain a record of all promotional materials issued by them or on their behalf.

            Added: April 2008

        • Real Time Promotions

          • BC-8.5.14

            Conventional bank licensees must not make a real time promotion to retail customers unless the concerned customer has been notified of the fact in advance and has agreed in writing to receive real time promotions.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.15

            For the purposes of Paragraph BC-8.5.14, a real time promotion is a promotion made in the course of a personal visit, telephone conversation or other interactive dialogue.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.16

            Consent to receive real time promotions could be, for instance, at the time of the initial customer profiling, by means of signing a form clearly indicating such consent.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.17

            A representative of the conventional bank licensee must, on making contact for the first time with a customer, and again at any time when asked to do so by the customer:

            (a) Identify himself as being a representative of the conventional bank licensee;
            (b) State the name of the conventional bank licensee; and
            (c) Present the customer with a business card on meeting that customer, unless he has given him such a card at a previous meeting. The business card must include a statement of the conventional bank licensee's licensing status.
            Amended: October 2010
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.18

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.5.17(c), the statement on the business card should make clear the licensing status of the conventional bank licensee; however it should not lead the customer to believe that the product being offered has been approved by the CBB. The suggested wording for the statement of licensing status is as follows: "Licensed as a conventional retail /wholesale bank by the CBB".

            Amended: October 2010
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.5.19

            In oral communications with a retail customer, whether in person or by telephone, the representative of the conventional bank licensee must:

            (i) Conduct himself in a polite manner and respect the wishes of the customer;
            (ii) State the genuine purpose of the call at the commencement of the conversation;
            (iii) Ascertain whether or not the customer wishes him to proceed with the conversation if the time of the conversation was not previously agreed by the customer;
            (iv) Explain clearly the financial instruments or other services which he is authorised to arrange;
            (v) Recognise and respect the right of the customer to terminate the call at any time; and
            (vi) If he requests another appointment and the customer refuses, shall accept that refusal courteously and in such a manner as to cause no embarrassment to the customer.

            Added: April 2008

          • Records

            • BC-8.5.20

              Conventional bank licensees must keep sufficient records of real time promotions made by them, or on their behalf by other persons, for CBB’s supervision purposes.

              Added: April 2008

            • BC-8.5.21

              These records should include evidence that customers have been notified in advance and agreed to receive real time promotions, as required under Rule BC-8.5.14.

              Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.6 Accepting Customers

        • Applicability

          • BC-8.6.1

            This Section applies to retail customers only.

            Added: April 2008

        • Terms of Business

          • BC-8.6.2

            Conventional bank licensees must provide their retail customers with their terms of business, setting out the basis on which the regulated banking services are to be conducted (see also Paragraph BC-8.8.13).

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.3

            The terms of business in relation to providing regulated banking services as defined in Paragraph BC-8.2.1 to a retail customer must take the form of a customer agreement.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.4

            The terms of business must include the rights and obligations of parties to the agreement, as well as other terms relevant to the regulated banking services. The terms of business must include, but are not limited to, the items included in Paragraph BC-8.13.2.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.5

            An application form in relation to regulated banking services will be deemed to be a customer agreement, provided the form includes the principal terms and conditions of the service, such that the customer is provided sufficient information to allow him to understand the basis on which the service is to be conducted.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.6

            The customer agreement must be provided in good time prior to providing the regulated banking service.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.7

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.6.6, ‘good time’ should be taken to mean sufficient time to enable the customer to consider properly the service or financial instrument on offer before he is bound.

            Added: April 2008

        • Customer Understanding and Acknowledgement

          • BC-8.6.8

            Conventional bank licensees must not enter into a customer agreement unless they have taken reasonable care to ensure that their retail customer has had a proper opportunity to consider the terms.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.9

            Conventional bank licensees must obtain their retail customer’s consent to the terms of the customer agreement as evidenced by a signature or an equivalent mechanism.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.10

            The equivalent mechanism refers to instances where a customer may have signed a mandate letter or other document accompanying the terms of the customer agreement.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.11

            The customer agreement must contain the signatures of both parties to the agreement. If the agreement is signed by only the customer (in case it is in the form of an application), copies of the signed agreement must be provided by the conventional bank licensee to the customer.

            Added: April 2008

        • Records

          • BC-8.6.12

            Conventional bank licensees must keep sufficient records of customer agreements and any documents referred to in the customer agreement as soon as the agreement comes into force, for CBB’s supervision purposes.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.6.13

            Detailed record-keeping requirements are contained in Module GR (General Requirements) and Module FC (Financial Crime).

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.7 Suitability

        • Applicability

          • BC-8.7.1

            This Section applies to retail customers only.

            Added: April 2008

        • Information and Communication

          • BC-8.7.2

            Conventional bank licensees must seek information from their retail customers (and potential retail customers about their needs, circumstances and investment objectives (including their risk appetite), relevant to the services to be provided.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.7.3

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.7.2, the conventional bank licensee, when providing the regulated investment services, should ask the customer or potential customer to provide information regarding his knowledge and experience in the investment field relevant to the specific type of financial instrument or service offered or demanded so as to enable the licensee to assess whether the financial instrument or service is appropriate to the customer. The evaluation of the customer's needs, circumstances and investment objectives (including risk appetite) can be done through a structured questionnaire.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.7.4

            For the purposes of satisfying the requirement under Rule BC-8.7.2, conventional bank licensees must ensure that the information and facts they hold about their customers are accurate, complete and up to date.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.7.5

            Where a conventional bank licensee is managing financial instruments for a customer, it must periodically assess whether the customer’s portfolio or account remains suitable over the lifetime of the customer relationship and advise the customer if it is no longer suitable.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.7.6

            Where a conventional bank licensee has pooled a customer’s assets with those of others, with a view to taking common discretionary management decisions, the conventional bank licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that the transaction is suitable for the related customers having regard to their stated investment objectives.

            Added: April 2008

        • Records

          • BC-8.7.7

            Conventional bank licensees must keep a record of each recommendation made to retail customers, and be able to demonstrate to the CBB compliance with this Section.

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.8 Disclosure of Information

        • Applicability

          • BC-8.8.1

            This Section applies to conventional bank licensees in relation to their dealings with all categories of customers, except when stated otherwise.

            Added: April 2008

        • Initial Disclosure Requirement

          • BC-8.8.2

            A conventional bank licensee must provide (with respect to regulated banking services), comprehensible information to customers or potential customers on:

            a) Itself and the types of services that it can provide;
            b) Whether it is acting as agent or principal;
            c) Fees, costs and associated charges payable by the customer such as:
            i. The basis or amount of its charges, remuneration and commission for conducting regulated financial services and
            ii. The nature or amount of any other income receivable by it or, to its knowledge, by its associate and attributable to that regulated banking service;
            d) Financial instruments and proposed strategies and appropriate guidance on and warnings of the risks associated with those financial instruments and strategies; and
            e) Information about methods of redress.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.3

            The purpose of Paragraph BC-8.8.2 is to ensure that customers are reasonably able to understand the nature and risks of the investment service and type of financial instrument that is being offered and, consequently, to take investment decisions on an informed basis. This information may be provided in standard format.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

        • Risks

          • BC-8.8.4

            Conventional bank licensees must disclose adequate information to all classes of customers about risks underlying the financial instrument that are not readily apparent and which relate to the regulated banking service being provided.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.5

            Without prejudice to the scope of the requirement under Rule BC-8.8.2(c), conventional bank licensees must provide retail customers with appropriate guidance on, and warnings of, relevant risks when providing regulated banking services, in relation to:

            (a) Transactions in illiquid financial instruments;
            (b) Leveraged transactions, including asset portfolios or collective investment schemes that have embedded leverage;
            (c) Financial instruments subject to high volatility in normal market conditions;
            (d) Securities repurchase agreements or securities lending agreements;
            (e) Transactions which involve credit, margin payments, or deposit of collateral;
            (f) Transactions involving material foreign exchange risk;
            (g) Interests in real estate; and/or
            (h) Islamic financial instruments.
            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.6

            In relation to transactions involving warrants or derivatives, conventional bank licensees must provide retail customers with a written statement that includes explanations of their characteristics, in particular their leverage effect, liquidity and price volatility.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.7

            To satisfy Rule BC-8.8.6, with respect to warrants, conventional bank licensees should provide retail customers with a statement that includes, at a minimum, the information contained in Paragraph BC-8.13.3.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.8

            To satisfy Rule BC-8.8.6, with respect to futures contracts, conventional bank licensees should provide retail customers with a statement that includes, at a minimum, the information contained in Paragraph BC-8.13.4.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.9

            To satisfy Rule BC-8.8.6, with respect to option transactions, conventional bank licensees should provide retail customers with a statement that includes, at a minimum, the information contained in Paragraphs BC-8.13.5 and BC-8.13.6.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.10

            In relation to a transaction in a financial instrument that is not readily realisable, conventional bank licensees must:

            (a) Warn the retail customer that there is a restricted market for such financial instruments, and that it may therefore be difficult to deal in the financial instrument or to obtain reliable information about its value; and
            (b) Disclose any position knowingly held by the conventional bank licensee or any of its associates in the financial instrument or in a related financial instrument.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.11

            The risk warning given to a retail customer or potential retail customer must be given due prominence in all related materials and must not be concealed or masked in any way by the wording, design or format of the information provided.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.12

            Risk warnings provided to a retail customer or potential retail customer about warrants or derivatives must make clear that the instrument can be subject to sudden and sharp falls in value. Where the retail customer may not only lose his entire investment but may also be required to pay more later, he must also be warned about this fact and the possible obligation to provide extra funding.

            Added: April 2008

        • Cancellations and Withdrawals

          • BC-8.8.13

            Conventional bank licensees must disclose in their terms of business the existence or absence of a right to cancel as per the provisions of Paragraph BC-8.6.2.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.8.14

            Conventional bank licensees must pay due regard to the interests of their customers and treat them fairly.

            Added: April 2008

        • Records

          • BC-8.8.15

            Conventional bank licensees must keep a record of statements issued in compliance with Rule BC-8.8.6, and of other information or recommendations provided to their customers, and be able to demonstrate to the CBB compliance with this Section.

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.9 Dealing and Managing

        • BC-8.9.1

          Conventional bank licensees must apply the requirements contained in this Section to all customer categories.

          Added: April 2008

        • Best and Timely Execution

          • BC-8.9.2

            Conventional bank licensees must take all reasonable steps to obtain, when executing orders, the best possible result for customers taking into account price, costs, speed, likelihood of execution and settlement, and any other consideration relevant to the execution of the order (subject to Paragraph BC-8.9.5 below).

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.3

            Conventional bank licensees must establish and implement effective arrangements for complying with Rule BC-8.9.2 including:

            a) Execution policies for each class of financial instrument;
            b) Maintenance of and disclosure to customers of information regarding execution venues and arrangements for disclosure to customers if orders are to be executed outside regulated markets;
            c) Monitoring of effectiveness of the order execution arrangements and execution policies in order to identify and, where appropriate, correct any deficiencies; and
            d) Maintenance of audit trails to demonstrate to their customers that orders were executed in accordance with the relevant execution policy.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.4

            Conventional bank licensees are not required to provide best execution (as defined in Paragraph BC-8.9.5 below) where they have agreed with the customer in writing that they will not provide best execution.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.5

            In determining whether a conventional bank licensee has taken reasonable care to provide the best overall price for a customer in accordance with Rules BC-8.9.2 to BC-8.9.4, the CBB will take into account whether an conventional bank licensee has:

            (a) Executed orders promptly and sequentially;
            (b) Discounted any fees and charges previously disclosed to the customer;
            (c) Disclosed the price at which an order is executed; and
            (d) Taken into account the available range of price sources for the execution of its customers’ transactions. In the case where the conventional bank licensee has access to prices of different regulated financial markets or alternative trading systems, it must execute the transaction at the best overall price available having considered other relevant factors.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.6

            Conventional bank licensees may only postpone the execution of a transaction if it is in the best interests of the customer, and the prior consent of the customer has been given, or when circumstances are beyond its control. The conventional bank licensee must maintain a record of all postponements together with the reasons for the postponement.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.7

            Factors relevant to whether the postponement of an existing customer order may be in the best interests of the customer include where:

            (a) The customer order is received outside of normal trading hours;
            (b) A foreseeable improvement in the level of liquidity in the financial instrument is likely to enhance the terms on which the conventional bank licensee can execute the order; or
            (c) Executing the order as a series of partial executions over a period of time is likely to improve the terms on which the order as a whole is executed.

            Added: April 2008

        • Non-market Price Transactions

          • BC-8.9.8

            Conventional bank licensees must not enter into a non-market price transaction in any capacity, with or for a customer, if it has reasonable grounds to suspect that the customer is entering into the transaction for an illegal or improper purpose.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.9

            For the purposes of Paragraph BC-8.9.8, a non-market price transaction is one where the price paid by the conventional bank licensee, or its customer, differs from the prevailing market price. With respect to transactions in financial instruments traded on a licensed exchange, licensees are reminded that in Bahrain the law prohibits off-market transactions.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.10

            For the purposes of Paragraph BC-8.9.8, examples of improper purposes for transactions include:

            (a) The perpetration of a fraud;
            (b) The disguising or concealment of the nature of a transaction or of profits, losses or cash flows;
            (c) Transactions which amount to market abuse;
            (d) High-risk transactions under the Anti Money Laundering Regulations; and
            (e) "Window dressing", in particular around the year end, to disguise the true financial position of the person concerned.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.11

            Rule BC-8.9.8 does not apply to a non-market-price transaction if it is subject to the rules of a recognised investment exchange.

            Added: April 2008

        • Aggregation and Allocation

          • BC-8.9.12

            Conventional bank licensees may only aggregate an order for a customer with an order for other customers, or with an order for its own account, where:

            (a) It is unlikely that the aggregation will disadvantage the customers whose orders have been aggregated; and
            (b) It has disclosed to each customer concerned in writing that it may aggregate orders, where these work to the customer’s advantage.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.13

            If a conventional bank licensee has aggregated orders of customers, it must make a record of the intended basis of allocation and the identity of each customer before the order is effected (subject to the "best execution" provisions of Paragraph BC-8.9.2).

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.14

            Where an allocation takes place, prices must not be changed. The order must be allocated equally so that no customer or broker is advantaged over any change.

            Amended: April 2013
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.15

            Conventional bank licensees must have written policies on aggregation and allocation which are consistently applied; these must include the policy that will be adopted when only part of the aggregated order has been filled.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.16

            Where a conventional bank licensee has aggregated a customer order with an order for other customers or with an order for its own account, and part or all of the aggregated order has been filled, it must:

            (a) Promptly allocate the financial instruments concerned;
            (b) Allocate the financial instruments in accordance with its stated policy;
            (c) Ensure the allocation is done fairly and uniformly by not giving undue preference to itself or to any of those for whom it dealt;
            (d) Give priority to satisfying customer orders where the aggregation order combines a customer order and an own account order, if the aggregate total of all orders cannot be satisfied, unless it can demonstrate on reasonable grounds that without its own participation it would not have been able to execute those orders on such favourable terms, or at all; and
            (e) Make and maintain a record of:
            (i) The date and time of the allocation;
            (ii) The relevant financial instruments;
            (iii) The identity of each customer concerned;
            (iv) The amount allocated to each customer and to the conventional bank licensee; and
            (v) The price of each financial instrument and allocation.
            Amended: April 2013
            Added: April 2008

        • Excessive Dealing

          • BC-8.9.17

            Conventional bank licensees must not advise any customer to transact with a frequency or in amounts that might result in those transactions being deemed excessive in light of historical volumes, market capitalisation, customer portfolio size and related factors. This Rule does not apply to customers classified as market counterparties.

            Added: April 2008

        • Right to Realise a Retail Customer's Assets

          • BC-8.9.18

            Conventional bank licensees must not realise a retail customer’s assets, unless it is legally entitled to do so, and has either:

            (a) Set out in the terms of business:
            (i) The action it may take to realise any assets of the retail customer;
            (ii) The circumstances in which it may do so;
            (iii) The asset (if relevant) or type or class of asset over which it may exercise the right; or
            (b) Given the retail customer written or oral notice of its intention to exercise its rights before it does so.

            Added: April 2008

        • Margin Requirements

          • BC-8.9.19

            Before conducting a transaction with or for a retail customer, conventional bank licensees must notify the customer of:

            (a) The circumstances in which the customer may be required to provide any margin;
            (b) The form in which the margin may be provided;
            (c) The steps the conventional bank licensee may be required or entitled to take if the customer fails to provide the required margin, including:
            (i) The fact that the customer's failure to provide margin may lead to the conventional bank licensee closing out his position after a time limit specified by the firm;
            (ii) The circumstances in which the conventional bank licensee will have the right or duty to close out the customer's position; and
            (iii) The circumstances, other than failure to provide the required margin, that may lead to the conventional bank licensee closing out the customer’s position without prior reference to him.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.20

            Conventional bank licensees must close out a retail customer's open position if that customer has failed to meet a margin call within a maximum of five business days following the date on which the obligation to meet the call accrues, unless:

            (a) The conventional bank licensee has received confirmation from a relevant third party (such as a clearing firm) that the retail customer has given instructions to pay in full; or
            (b) The conventional bank licensee has taken reasonable care to establish that the delay is owing to circumstances beyond the retail customer's control.
            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.21

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.9.20, conventional bank licensees may require the closing of a retail customer’s open position in less than five business days, for their own risk management purposes.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.22

            Conventional bank licensees must also follow the requirements of Chapter BC-7 concerning the operation of the margin trading system.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

        • Programme Trading

          • BC-8.9.23

            Before a conventional bank licensee executes a programme trade, it must disclose to its customer whether it will be acting as a principal or agent. A conventional bank licensee must not subsequently act in a different capacity from that which is disclosed without the prior consent of the customer.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.24

            The term ‘programme trade’ describes a single transaction or series of transactions executed for the purpose of acquiring or disposing of, for a customer, all or part of a portfolio or a large basket of financial instruments.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.9.25

            Conventional bank licensees must ensure that neither they, nor an associate, execute an own account transaction in any financial instrument included in a programme trade, unless they have notified the customer in advance that they may do this, or can otherwise demonstrate that they have provided fair treatment to the customer concerned.

            Added: April 2008

        • Records

          • BC-8.9.26

            Conventional bank licensees must keep a record of each step they undertake in relation to each transaction to demonstrate to the CBB compliance with Section BC-8.9.

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.10 Reporting to Customers

        • BC-8.10.1

          Section BC-8.10 applies to all customer categories.

          Added: April 2008

        • Confirmation of Transactions

          • BC-8.10.2

            When a conventional bank licensee executes a transaction in a financial instrument for a customer on a specific order, it must establish procedures to keep the customer informed of the essential details of the transaction and essential information regarding the carrying out of his order.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.3

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.10.2, the essential details of the transaction and essential information regarding the carrying out of the order include:

            (a) Execution price;
            (b) Charges; and
            (c) Date of execution.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.4

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.10.2, conventional bank licensees must include at the very least in their confirmation notes, the information included in Paragraph BC-8.13.7.

            Added: April 2008

        • Periodic Statements

          • BC-8.10.5

            Conventional bank licensees must promptly and at suitable intervals provide their customers with a written statement when they:

            (a) Undertake the activity of managing financial instruments; or
            (b) Operate a customer's account containing financial instruments.
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.6

            Conventional bank licensees must provide a periodic statement:

            (a) Monthly, if the customer is a retail customer and the retail customer's portfolio includes derivative transactions in highly volatile classes of financial instruments or leveraged transactions; or
            (b) At least every six months in other cases.
            Amended: July 2012
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.7

            Periodic statements, issued in accordance with Rule BC-8.10.6, must contain, at the very least, the information contained in Paragraph BC-8.13.8, as at the end of the period covered.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.8

            Where a conventional bank licensee undertakes the activity of managing financial instruments on a discretionary basis, the periodic statements, issued in accordance with Rule BC-8.10.6, must also include at the very least the information included in Paragraph BC-8.13.9.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.9

            In addition to Rules BC-8.10.7 and BC-8.10.8, where the retail customer may not only lose his entire investment but may also be required to pay more later, conventional bank licensees must also include the additional information included in Paragraph BC-8.13.10.

            Added: April 2008

        • Records

          • BC-8.10.10

            Conventional bank licensees must immediately record the essential elements of all orders that are received.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.11

            For the purposes of Rule BC-8.10.10, essential elements of orders received include the particulars of the customer and order, time, price of execution, and number of instruments.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.12

            Conventional bank licensees must record the essential elements of all:

            (a) Orders executed;
            (b) Transactions executed for their own account;
            (c) Non-market price transactions entered into by the conventional bank licensee; and
            (d) Orders that have been aggregated with their basis of allocation.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.13

            For purposes of Rule BC-8.10.12, conventional bank licensees should include, at the very least, the information provided in Paragraph BC-8.13.9.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.10.14

            Conventional bank licensees must make a copy of any confirmation of a transaction or periodic statement provided to a customer, and retain it for at least five years from the date on which it was provided.

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.11 [This section was deleted in October 2011]

        • BC-8.11.1

          [This paragraph was deleted in October 2011]

          Deleted: October 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.11.2

          [This paragraph was deleted in October 2011]

          Deleted: October 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.11.3

          [This paragraph was deleted in October 2011]

          Deleted: October 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • [Deleted]

          Deleted: October 2011

          • BC-8.11.4

            [This paragraph was deleted in October 2011]

            Deleted: October 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.11.5

            [This paragraph was deleted in October 2011]

            Deleted: October 2011
            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.12 Conflicts of Interest

        • BC-8.12.1

          Conventional bank licensees must undertake all reasonable steps to identify conflicts of interest between themselves (or any person directly or indirectly linked to them by control) and their customers, which may arise in the course of providing a regulated banking service.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.12.2

          Where conflicts arise, conventional bank licensees must:

          (a) Disclose any material interest or conflict of interest to the customer in writing (which may include a disclosure in the conventional bank licensee’s terms of business) either generally or in relation to a specific transaction, and take reasonable steps to ensure that the customer does not object;
          (b) Establish information barriers between activities such as proprietary trading, portfolio management and corporate finance business; and
          (c) Produce a written policy of independence, which requires an employee to disregard any conflict of interest or material interest when advising a customer or exercising discretion.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.12.3

          If a conventional bank licensee determines that it is unable to manage a conflict of interest or material interest using one of the methods described in Rule BC-8.12.2 it must decline to act for the customer.

          Added: April 2008

        • Personal Account Transactions

          • BC-8.12.4

            Conventional bank licensees must establish and maintain adequate policies and procedures, to ensure that:

            (a) Employees involved with advising and arranging do not undertake a personal account transaction unless:
            (i) The conventional bank licensee has, in a written notice, drawn to the attention of the employee the conditions upon which the employee may undertake personal account transactions and that the contents of such a notice are made a term of his contract of employment or services;
            (ii) The conventional bank licensee has given its written permission to that employee for that transaction or to transactions generally in financial instruments of that kind; and
            (iii) The transaction will not conflict with the conventional bank licensee’s duties to its customers;
            (b) It receives prompt notification or is otherwise aware of each employee’s personal account transactions; and
            (c) If an employee’s personal account transactions are conducted with the conventional bank licensee, each employee’s account must be clearly identified and distinguishable from other customers’ accounts.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.5

            The written notice in sub-Paragraph BC-8.12.4 (a)(i) must make it explicit that, if an employee is prohibited from undertaking a personal account transaction, he must not, except in the proper course of his employment:

            (a) Procure another person to enter into such a transaction; or
            (b) Communicate any information or opinion to another person if he knows, or ought to know, that the person will as a result, enter into such a transaction or procure some other person to do so.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.6

            Where a conventional bank licensee has taken reasonable steps to determine that an employee will not be involved to any material extent in, or have access to information about, the conventional bank licensee’s investment business, then the conditions or restrictions on personal account transactions, in Rule BC-8.12.4, need not be applied to that employee.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.7

            Conventional bank licensees must establish and maintain procedures and controls so as to ensure that an investment analyst does not undertake a personal account transaction in a financial instrument if the investment analyst is preparing investment research:

            (a) On that investment or its issuer; or
            (b) On a related investment, or its issuer;

            until the investment research is published or made available to the conventional bank licensee’s customers.

            Added: April 2008

        • Investment Research

          • BC-8.12.8

            Where a conventional bank licensee issues investment research, its conflict of interest policy must specify the types of investment research issued by it. A conventional bank licensee that prepares and publishes investment research must have adequate procedures and controls to ensure:

            (a) The effective supervision of investment analysts by following at the very least the items listed in Paragraph BC-8.13.11;
            (b) That any actual or potential conflicts of interest are managed in accordance with Rule BC-8.12.1; and
            (c) That the investment research issued to customers is not biased.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.9

            Conventional bank licensees that publish investment research must take reasonable steps to ensure that the investment research:

            (a) Identifies the types of customers for which it is principally intended;
            (b) Distinguishes fact from opinion or estimates, and includes references to sources of data used;
            (c) Specifies the date when it was first published;
            (d) Specifies the period the ratings or recommendations are intended to cover;
            (e) Contains a clear and unambiguous explanation of the rating or recommendation system used;
            (f) Includes a price chart or line graph depicting the performance of the financial instrument for the period that the conventional bank licensee has assigned a rating or recommendation for that financial instrument, which must also show the dates on which the ratings were revised; and
            (g) Includes a distribution of the different ratings or recommendations, in percentage terms:
            (i) For all financial instruments in respect of which the conventional bank licensee publishes investment research; and
            (ii) For financial instruments, if any, where the conventional bank licensee has undertaken corporate finance business with or for the issuer over the past 12 months.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.10

            A conventional bank licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that when it publishes investment research, disclosure is made of the following matters:

            (a) Any financial interest or material interest that the investment analyst or a close relative has, which relates to the financial instrument;
            (b) Any shareholding by the conventional bank licensee or its associate of 1% or more of the total issued share capital of the issuer;
            (c) Whether the conventional bank licensee or its associate acts as corporate broker for the issuer;
            (d) Any material shareholding by the issuer in the conventional bank licensee;
            (e) Any corporate finance business undertaken by the conventional bank licensee with or for the issuer over the past 12 months, and any future relevant corporate finance business initiatives; and
            (f) Whether the conventional bank licensee is a market maker in the financial instrument.
            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.11

            If a conventional bank licensee acts as a manager or co-manager of an initial public offering or a secondary offering it must take reasonable steps to ensure that it does not publish investment research relating to the financial instrument during the period beginning on the day of publication of the listing particulars or a prospectus relating to the offering of that financial instrument and ending on the 30th calendar day after the day on which the financial instrument is admitted to trading.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.12

            A conventional bank licensee and its associates must not knowingly execute an own account transaction in a financial instrument, which is the subject of investment research, prepared either by the conventional bank licensee or its associate, until the customers for whom the investment research was principally intended have had a reasonable opportunity to act upon it.

            Amended: January 2011
            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.13

            The restriction in Rule BC-8.12.11 does not apply if:

            (a) The conventional bank licensee or its associate is a market maker in the relevant financial instrument;
            (b) The conventional bank licensee or its associate executes an unsolicited transaction for a customer; or
            (c) It is not expected to materially affect the price of the financial instrument.

            Added: April 2008

        • Inducements

          • BC-8.12.14

            Conventional bank licensees must have systems and controls, policies and procedures to ensure that neither they, nor any of their employees, offer, give, solicit or accept any inducement which is likely to conflict significantly with any duty that they owe to their customers.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.15

            A conventional bank licensee may only accept goods and services under a soft dollar agreement if:

            (a) The goods and services do not constitute an inducement;
            (b) The goods and services are reasonably expected to assist in the provision of regulated investment activities to the conventional bank licensee’s customers;
            (c) The agreement is a written agreement for the supply of goods or services described in Rule BC-8.12.14, and these goods and services do not take the form of, or include, cash or any other direct financial benefit; and
            (d) The conventional bank licensee makes adequate disclosures regarding the use of soft dollar agreements.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.16

            For the purpose of Sub-Paragraph BC-8.12.15(d), Paragraph BC-8.13.12 sets out the minimum disclosure requirements.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.17

            A soft dollar agreement is an agreement in any form under which a conventional bank licensee receives goods or services in return for investment business put through or in the way of another person.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.18

            Before a conventional bank licensee enters into a transaction for a customer, either directly or indirectly, with or through the agency of another person, under a soft dollar agreement which the conventional bank licensee has, or knows that another member of its group has, with that other person, it must disclose to its customer:

            (a) The existence of the soft dollar agreement; and
            (b) The conventional bank licensee’s or its group’s policy relating to soft dollar agreements.

            Added: April 2008

          • BC-8.12.19

            If a conventional bank licensee has a soft dollar agreement under which the conventional bank licensee deals for a customer, the conventional bank licensee must provide that customer with information as set out in Paragraph BC-8.13.12.

            Added: April 2008

      • BC-8.13 Appendix

        • BC-8.13.1

          The minimum information that should be contained in promotional material for specific products includes:

          (a) The name of the conventional bank licensee communicating the promotional material;
          (b) The conventional bank licensee’s Category of license;
          (c) The conventional bank licensee’s address;
          (d) A description of the main characteristics of the financial instrument involved or service offered;
          (e) Suitable warning regarding the risks of the financial instrument involved and/or service offered; and
          (f) A clear statement indicating that, if a retail customer (as defined in Section BC-8.4) is in any doubt about the suitability of the agreement which is the subject of the promotion, he should consult his own financial adviser, or else the conventional bank licensee.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.2

          The minimum information that should be contained in the terms of business includes:

          (a) The regulatory status of the conventional bank licensee;
          (b) A statement that the licensee is bound by the CBB's regulation and licensing conditions;
          (c) The licensee's name, address, e-mail and telephone number;
          (d) A statement of the products and services provided by the licensee, as permitted by the CBB;
          (e) The total price to be paid by the customer to the conventional bank licensee for its services, or, where an exact price cannot be indicated, the basis for the calculation of the price enabling the customer to verify it;
          (f) Information on any rights the parties may have to terminate the contract early or unilaterally under its terms, including any penalties imposed by the contract in such cases;
          (g) Where appropriate, the customer's investment objectives;
          (h) Where appropriate, the extent to which the conventional bank licensee will consider the customers' personal circumstances when considering suitability (as required under Section BC-8.7) and the details of such matters that will be taken into account;
          (i) Any conflict of interest disclosure as required by Section BC-8.12;
          (j) Any disclosure of soft dollar agreements under Section BC-8.12;
          (k) A statement that clearly indicates the following:
          (i) The customer's right to obtain copies of records relating to his business with the licensee;
          (ii) The customer's record will be kept for 5 years or as otherwise required by Bahrain Law; and
          (l) The name and job title, address and telephone number of the person in the conventional bank licensee to whom any complaint should be addressed (in writing) by the customer.
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.3

          The minimum information that should be contained in a notice in relation to a warrant includes:
          "A warrant is a time-limited right to subscribe for shares or debentures and is exercisable against the original issuer of the underlying securities. A relatively small movement in the price of the underlying security results in a disproportionately large movement, unfavourable or favourable, in the price of the warrant. The prices of warrants can therefore be volatile. It is essential for anyone who is considering purchasing warrants to understand that the right to subscribe which a warrant confers is invariably limited in time, with the consequence that if the investor fails to exercise this right within the predetermined time-scale then the investment becomes worthless. You should not buy a warrant unless you are prepared to sustain a total loss of the money you have invested plus any commission or other transaction charges."

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.4

          The minimum information that should be contained in a notice in relation to a futures transaction includes:
          "Transactions in futures involve the obligation to make, or to take, delivery of the underlying asset of the contract at a future date, or in some cases to settle the position with cash. They carry a high degree of risk. The 'gearing' or 'leverage' often obtainable in futures trading means that a small deposit or down payment can lead to large losses as well as gains. It also means that a relatively small movement can lead to a proportionately much larger movement in the value of your investment, and this can work against you as well as for you. Futures transactions have a contingent liability, and you should be aware of the implications of this, in particular the margining requirements."

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.5

          The minimum information that should be contained in a notice in relation to a purchased option includes:
          "Buying options: buying options involves less risk than selling options because, if the price of the underlying asset moves against you, you can simply allow the option to lapse. The maximum loss is limited to the premium, plus any commission or other transaction charges. However, if you buy a call option on a futures contract and you later exercise the option, you will acquire the future. This will expose you to the risks associated with 'futures' and 'contingent liability investment transactions'."

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.6

          The minimum information that should be contained in a notice in relation to a written option includes:
          "Writing options: if you write an option, the risk involved is considerably greater than buying options. You may be liable for margin to maintain your position and a loss may be sustained well in excess of the premium received. By writing an option, you accept a legal obligation to purchase or sell the underlying asset if the option is exercised against you, however far the market price has moved away from the exercise price. If you already own the underlying asset which you have contracted to sell (when the options will be known as 'covered call options') the risk is reduced. If you do not own the underlying asset ('uncovered call options') the risk can be unlimited. Only experienced persons should contemplate writing uncovered options, and then only after securing full details of the applicable conditions and potential risk exposure."

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.7

          The minimum information that should be included in a transaction confirmation includes:

          (a) The conventional bank licensee’s name and address;
          (b) Whether the conventional bank licensee executed the transaction as principal or agent;
          (c) The customer’s name, account number or other identifier;
          (d) Where relevant, a description of the collective investment undertaking or fund, including the amount invested or number of units involved;
          (e) Whether the transaction was a sale or purchase;
          (f) The price or unit price at which the transaction was executed;
          (g) If applicable, a statement that the transaction was executed on an execution only basis;
          (h) The date and time of the transaction or a statement that the time of execution will be provided on request;
          (i) Due date and procedure for settlement of transaction and the bank account;
          (j) The amount the conventional bank licensee charges in connection with the transaction, including commission charges and the amount of any mark-up or mark-down, fees, taxes or duties;
          (k) The amount or basis of any charges shared with another person or statement that this will be made available on request;
          (l) For collective investment undertakings, a statement that the price at which the transaction has been executed is on a historic price or forward price basis, as the case may be;
          (m) The regulated market on which the transaction was carried out or the fact that the transaction was undertaken outside a regulated market; and
          (n) Whether the retail customer’s counterparty was the conventional bank licensee itself or any other person in the conventional bank group.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.8

          The minimum information that should be included in a periodic statement includes:

          (a) The number, description and value of each financial instrument;
          (b) The amount of cash held;
          (c) The total value of the portfolio; and
          (d) A statement as to the basis on which the value of each financial instrument was calculated.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.9

          The minimum information that should be included in a periodic statement, where the relationship includes portfolio management, includes:

          (a) A statement of which financial instruments, if any, were at the closing date loaned to any third party and which financial instruments, if any, were at that date charged to secure borrowings made on behalf of the portfolio;
          (b) The aggregate of any interest payments made and income received during the account period in respect of loans or borrowings made during that period;
          (c) A management report on the strategy implemented (provided at least yearly);
          (d) Total amount of fees and charges incurred during the period and an indication of their nature;
          (e) Information on any remuneration received from a third party and details of calculation basis;
          (f) Total amount of dividends, interest and other payments received during the period in relation to the customers’ portfolio;
          (g) Details of each transaction which have been entered into for the portfolio during the period;
          (h) The aggregate of money and details of all financial instruments transferred into and out of the portfolio during the period;
          (i) The aggregate of any interest payments, including the dates of their application and dividends or other benefits received by the conventional bank licensee from the portfolio for its own account during that period;
          (j) A statement of the aggregate charges of the conventional bank licensee and its associates; and
          (k) A statement of the amount of any remuneration received by the conventional bank licensee or its associates or both from a third party.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.10

          The minimum information that should be included in periodic statements, where the relationship includes contingent liability investment transactions, includes:

          (a) The aggregate of money transferred into and out of the portfolio during the valuation period;
          (b) In relation to each open position in the account at the end of the account period, the unrealised profit or loss to the customer (before deducting or adding any commission which would be payable on closing out);
          (c) In relation to each transaction executed during the account period to close out a customer’s position, the resulting profit or loss to the customer after deducting or adding any commission;
          (d) The aggregate of each of the following in, or relating to, the customer’s portfolio at the close of business on the valuation date:
          (i) Cash;
          (ii) Collateral value;
          (iii) Management fees; and
          (iv) Commissions;
          (e) Option account valuations in respect of each open option contained in the account on the valuation date stating:
          (i) The share, or future or other financial instrument involved;
          (ii) The trade price and date for the opening transaction, unless the valuation statement follows the statement for the period in which the option was opened;
          (iii) The market price of the contract; and
          (iv) The exercise price of the contract.

          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.11

          The minimum requirements that should be met where the conventional bank licensee prepares and publishes investment research include:

          (a) Analysts must not trade in securities or related derivatives ahead of publishing research on the issuer of these securities;
          (b) Analysts must not trade in securities or related derivatives of any issuer that they review in a manner contrary to their existing recommendations except in special circumstances subject to pre-approval by compliance or legal personnel;
          (c) Analysts must not accept inducements by issuers or others with a material interest in the subject matter of investment research; and
          (d) Conventional banks must not promise issuers favorable research coverage, specific ratings or specific target prices in return for a future or continued business relationship, service or investment.
          Amended: January 2011
          Added: April 2008

        • BC-8.13.12

          The minimum requirements that should be met where the conventional bank licensee has a soft dollar agreement under which it deals with customers include:

          (a) The percentage paid under soft dollar agreements of the total commission paid by or at the direction of:
          (i) The conventional bank licensee; and
          (ii) Any other member of the conventional bank licensee’s group which is a party to those agreements;
          (b) The value, on a cost price basis, of the goods and services received by the conventional bank licensee under soft dollar agreements, expressed as a percentage of the total commission paid by or at the direction of:
          (i) The conventional bank licensee; or
          (ii) Other members of the conventional bank licensee’s group;
          (c) A summary of the nature of the goods and services received by the conventional bank licensee under the soft dollar agreements; and
          (d) The total commission paid from the portfolio of that customer.

          Added: April 2008

    • BC-9 Customer Complaints Procedures

      • BC-9.1 General Requirements

        • BC-9.1.1

          All conventional bank licensees must have appropriate customer complaints handling procedures and systems for effective handling of complaints made by customers by 31st March 2012.

          October 2011

        • BC-9.1.2

          Customer complaints procedures must be documented appropriately and their customers must be informed of their availability.

          October 2011

        • BC-9.1.3

          All conventional bank licensees must appoint a customer complaints officer and publicise his/ her contact details at all departments and branches and on the bank's website. The customer complaints officer must be of a senior level at the conventional bank and must be independent of the parties to the complaint to minimize any potential conflict of interest.

          October 2011

        • BC-9.1.3A

          The position of customer complaints officer may be combined with that of compliance officer.

          Added: July 2012

        • BC-9.1.4

          In the case of an overseas conventional bank licensee, a local complaints officer must be present and must report all complaints to the head office complaints unit.

          Amended: January 2012
          October 2011

      • BC-9.2 Documenting Customer Complaints Handling Procedures

        • BC-9.2.1

          In order to make customer complaints handling procedures as transparent and accessible as possible, all conventional bank licensees must document their customer complaints handling procedures. These include setting out in writing:

          (a) The procedures and policies for:
          (i) Receiving and acknowledging complaints;
          (ii) Investigating complaints;
          (iii) Responding to complaints within appropriate time limits;
          (iv) Recording information about complaints;
          (v) Identifying recurring system failure issues.
          (b) The types of remedies available for resolving complaints; and
          (c) The organisational reporting structure for the complaints handling function.
          Amended: January 2012
          October 2011

        • BC-9.2.2

          Conventional bank licensees must provide a copy of the procedures to all relevant staff, so that they may be able to inform customers. A simple and easy-to-use guide to the procedures must also be made available to all customers, on request, and when they want to make a complaint.

          October 2011

        • BC-9.2.3

          Conventional bank licensees are required to ensure that all financial services related documentation (such as loan documentation) provided to the customer includes a statement informing the customer of the availability of a simple and easy-to-use guide on customer complaints procedures in the event the customer is not satisfied with the services provided.

          Amended: January 2012
          October 2011

      • BC-9.3 Principles for Effective Handling of Complaints

        • BC-9.3.1

          Adherence to the following principles is required for effective handling of complaints:

          October 2011

        • Visibility

          • BC-9.3.2

            "How and where to complain" must be well publicised to customers and other interested parties, in both English and Arabic languages.

            October 2011

        • Accessibility

          • BC-9.3.3

            A complaints handling process must be easily accessible to all customers and must be free of charge.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.4

            While a conventional bank licensee's website is considered an acceptable mean for dealing with customer complaints, it should not be the only means available to customers as not all customers have access to the internet.

            Amended: January 2012
            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.5

            Process information must be readily accessible and must include flexibility in the method of making complaints.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.6

            Support for customers in interpreting the complaints procedures must be provided, upon request.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.7

            Information and assistance must be available on details of making and resolving a complaint.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.8

            Supporting information must be easy to understand and use.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.9

            [This Paragraph was deleted in January 2012].

            Deleted: January 2012

        • Responsiveness

          • BC-9.3.10

            Receipt of complaints must be acknowledged in accordance with Section BC-9.5 "Response to Complaints".

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.11

            Complaints must be addressed promptly in accordance with their urgency.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.12

            Customers must be treated with courtesy.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.13

            Customers must be kept informed of the progress of their complaint, in accordance with Section BC-9.5.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.14

            If a customer is not satisfied with a conventional bank licensee's response, the conventional bank licensee must advise the customer on how to take the complaint further within the organisation.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.15

            In the event that they are unable to resolve a complaint, conventional bank licensees must outline the options that are open to that customer to pursue the matter further, including, where appropriate, referring the matter to the Compliance Directorate at the CBB.

            October 2011

        • Objectivity and Efficiency

          • BC-9.3.16

            Complaints must be addressed in an equitable, objective, unbiased and efficient manner.

            Amended: January 2012
            October 2011

          • BC-9.3.17

            General principles for objectivity in the complaints handling process include:

            (a) Openness:

            The process must be clear and well publicised so that both staff and customers can understand.
            (b) Impartiality:
            (i) Measures must be taken to protect the person the complaint is made against from bias;
            (ii) Emphasis must be placed on resolution of the complaint not blame; and
            (iii) The investigation must be carried out by a person independent of the person complained about.
            (c) Accessibility:
            (i) The bank must allow customer access to the process at any reasonable point in time; and
            (ii) A joint response must be made when the complaint affects different participants.
            (d) Completeness:

            The complaints officer must find relevant facts, talk to both sides, establish common ground and verify explanations wherever possible;
            (e) Equitability:

            Give equal treatment to all parties.
            (f) Sensitivity:

            Each complaint must be treated on its merits and paying due care to individual circumstances.
            (g) Objectivity for personnel — complaints handling procedures must ensure those complained about are treated fairly which implies:
            (i) Informing them immediately and completely on complaints about performance;
            (ii) Giving them an opportunity to explain and providing appropriate support;
            (iii) Keeping them informed of the progress and result of the complaint investigation;
            (iv) Full details of the complaint are given to those the complaint is made against prior to interview; and
            (v) Personnel must be assured they are supported by the process and should be encouraged to learn from the experience and develop a better understanding of the complaints process.
            (h) Confidentiality:
            (i) In addition to customer confidentiality, the process must ensure confidentiality for staff who have a complaint made against them and the details must only be known to those directly concerned;
            (ii) Customer information must be protected and not disclosed, unless the customer consents otherwise; and
            (iii) Protect the customer and customer's identity as far as is reasonable to avoid deterring complaints due to fear of inconvenience or discrimination.
            (i) Objectivity monitoring:

            Conventional bank licensees must monitor responses to customers to ensure objectivity which could include random monitoring of resolved complaints.
            (j) Charges:

            The process must be free of charge to customers;
            (k) Customer Focused Approach:
            (i) Conventional bank licensees must have a customer focused approach;
            (ii) Conventional bank licensees must be open to feedback; and
            (iii) Conventional bank licensees must show commitment to resolving problems.
            (l) Accountability:

            Conventional bank licensees must ensure accountability for reporting actions and decisions with respect to complaints handling.
            (m) Continual improvement:

            Continual improvement of the complaints handling process and the quality of products and services must be a permanent objective of the conventional bank licensee.
            Amended: January 2012
            October 2011

      • BC-9.4 Internal Complaint Handling Procedures

        • BC-9.4.1

          A conventional bank licensee's internal complaint handling procedures must provide for:

          (a) The receipt of written complaints;
          (b) The appropriate investigation of complaints;
          (c) An appropriate decision-making process in relation to the response to a customer complaint;
          (d) Notification of the decision to the customer;
          (e) The recording of complaints; and
          (f) How to deal with complaints when a business continuity plan (BCP) is operative.
          October 2011

        • BC-9.4.2

          A conventional bank licensee's internal complaint handling procedures must be designed to ensure that:

          (a) All complaints are handled fairly, effectively and promptly;
          (b) Recurring systems failures are identified, investigated and remedied;
          (c) The number of unresolved complaints referred to the CBB is minimised;
          (d) The employee responsible for the resolution of complaints has the necessary authority to resolve complaints or has ready access to an employee who has the necessary authority; and
          (e) Relevant employees are aware of the conventional bank licensee's internal complaint handling procedures and comply with them and receive training periodically to be kept abreast of changes in procedures.
          October 2011

      • BC-9.5 Response to Complaints

        • BC-9.5.1

          A conventional bank licensee must acknowledge in writing customer written complaints within 5 working days of receipt.

          October 2011

        • BC-9.5.2

          A conventional bank licensee must respond in writing to a customer complaint within 4 weeks of receiving the complaint, explaining their position and how they propose to deal with the complaint.

          October 2011

        • Redress

          • BC-9.5.3

            A conventional bank licensee should decide and communicate how it proposes (if at all) to provide the customer with redress. Where appropriate, the conventional bank licensee must explain the options open to the customer and the procedures necessary to obtain the redress.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.5.4

            Where a conventional bank licensee decides that redress in the form of compensation is appropriate, the conventional bank licensee must provide the complainant with fair compensation and must comply with any offer of compensation made by it which the complainant accepts.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.5.5

            Where a conventional bank licensee decides that redress in a form other than compensation is appropriate, it must provide the redress as soon as practicable.

            October 2011

          • BC-9.5.6

            Should the customer that filed a complaint not be satisfied with the response received as per Paragraph BC-9.5.2, he can forward the complaint to the Compliance Directorate at the CBB within 30 calendar days from the date of receiving the letter.

            October 2011

      • BC-9.6 Records of Complaints

        • BC-9.6.1

          A conventional bank licensee must maintain a record of all customers' complaints. The record of each complaint must include:

          (a) The identity of the complainant;
          (b) The substance of the complaint;
          (c) The status of the complaint, including whether resolved or not, and whether redress was provided; and
          (d) All correspondence in relation to the complaint. Such records must be retained by the conventional bank licensees for a period of 5 years from the date of receipt of the complaint.
          October 2011

      • BC-9.7 Reporting of Complaints

        • BC-9.7.1

          A conventional bank licensee must submit to the CBB's Compliance Directorate, 20 days after the end of the quarter, a quarterly report summarising the following:

          (a) The number of complaints received;
          (b) The substance of the complaints;
          (c) The number of days it took the conventional bank licensee to acknowledge and to respond to the complaints; and
          (d) The status of the complaint, including whether resolved or not, and whether redress was provided.
          October 2011

        • BC-9.7.2

          The report referred to in Paragraph BC-9.7.1 must be sent electronically to compliance@cbb.gov.bh.

          Added: July 2013

        • BC-9.7.3

          Where no complaints have been received by the licensee within the quarter, a 'nil' report should be submitted to the CBB's Compliance Directorate.

          Added: July 2013

      • BC-9.8 Monitoring and Enforcement

        • BC-9.8.1

          Compliance with these requirements is subject to the ongoing supervision of the CBB as well as being part of any CBB inspection of a licensee. Failure to comply with these requirements is subject to enforcement measures as outlined in Module EN (Enforcement).

          October 2011

    • BC-10 Measures and Procedures for Services Provided to Disabled Customers by Bahraini Retail Banks

      • BC-10.1 General Requirements

        This Chapter BC-10 is applicable only to Bahraini retail banks that operate 10 or more branches.

        Amended: April 2017

        • BC-10.1.1

          Bahraini retail banks must develop special measures and procedures when providing financial and banking services and transactions for disabled customers to safeguard their rights in requesting and receiving information to ensure equal treatment amongst all customers. Disabled customers must be identified based on the certificate issued by the Ministry of Labour and Social Development or a medical certificate issued by a qualified doctor.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.1.2

          Bahraini retail banks are encouraged to enhance the disabled customers' access to their ranges of banking services by:

          (a) Liaising with organisations representing disabled customers to provide assistance; and
          (b) Keeping pace with changing technologies involving ATMs, electronic and internet banking.
          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.1.3

          Bahraini retail banks must have in place appropriate methods to communicate with the disabled to address their specific needs.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.1.4

          Bahraini retail banks must ensure that all legal requirements/documentations are taken into consideration when entering into contracts with disabled customers with the aim of protecting the disabled customers and themselves in court cases.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.1.5

          Bahraini retail banks must ensure that disabled customers are provided full access to all banking and financial services offered by the bank, including the provision of ATM cards on the same basis as for all other bank customers.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.1.6

          Bahraini retail banks must provide fast track and/or priority services for disabled customers to address their banking needs.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • Fees and Charges

          • BC-10.1.7

            Fees and charges on withdrawals, done through bank counters must be waived for all disabled customers.

            Added: April 2016

          • BC-10.1.8

            Monthly fees and charges on current and savings account, including minimum balance charges, must be waived for all disabled customers.

            Added: April 2016

        • Branch and ATM Requirements

          • BC-10.1.9

            Bahraini retail banks must provide at least one branch for serving the disabled customers in line with the requirements in this Module, in addition to the normal branch activities. At least one ATM machine must be provided in the branch to serve the disabled customers.

            Amended: April 2017
            Added: April 2016

          • BC-10.1.10

            To ensure an adequate geographical distribution within the Kingdom of Bahrain, the CBB will expect two specially equipped branches within each governorate of the Kingdom. The geographical distribution will be coordinated by the CBB.

            Added: April 2016

          • BC-10.1.11

            With reference to Paragraph BC-10.1.9, the ATM devices must be equipped with technology specially adapted for customers with disabilities where ATMs must:

            (a) Be wheelchair accessible, ensuring that the ATM is set at an appropriate height and track for movement; and
            (b) Provide Braille alphabet and voice software technology (talking ATM) for the visually impaired customers.
            Added: April 2016

        • Customer Account Numbers

          • BC-10.1.12

            Customer account numbers provided for accounts of disabled customers must be identifiable among other customer accounts to ensure that the disabled customers are offered the specialised services as outlined in this Chapter and that all bank staff offers the bank's services accordingly, whether in person or by phone.

            Added: April 2016

        • In Branch Services

          • BC-10.1.13

            Bahraini retail banks must provide a special priority desk for disabled customers, clearly designated with a special logo. In addition parking facilities and easy access entrances must also be provided.

            Amended: April 2017
            Added: April 2016

          • BC-10.1.14

            Within the branch itself, special layout and signage must be used to facilitate the movement of disabled customers, including the use of any elevators, should this be the case.

            Added: April 2016

        • Training for Bank Staff

          • BC-10.1.15

            Bahraini retail banks must ensure that their staff dealing with disabled customers are enrolled in specialised training to ensure that they are qualified and fully familiar with the use of any specialised technology adapted for such customers and to address any other special requirements in dealing with these customers. Such training must be part of the staff's overall training requirements.

            Amended: April 2017
            Added: April 2016

        • Personal Banking

          • BC-10.1.16

            Bahraini retail banks must provide special door step non-cash financial services to disabled customers.

            Amended: April 2017
            Added: April 2016

      • BC-10.2 Special Services for Visually Impaired Customers

        • BC-10.2.1

          Bahraini retail banks must provide the following application forms along with the terms and conditions of contracts signed by visually impaired customers for all conducted transactions in Braille format or voice records or screen readers or any other advanced and secured means:

          (a) Account opening forms;
          (b) Facilities contracts;
          (c) Investment and transactions documents;
          (d) Instructions manuals; and
          (e) Customer notifications.
          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.2.2

          Bahraini retail banks may accept electronic signatures and electronic finger print as a satisfactory form of signature to meet the needs of the disabled customers. Banks should refer to Royal Decree No. 28 issuing "Electronic Transactions Law" for the Year 2002. Banks may determine the terms and conditions on which the facilities of biometric identification can be extended to the disabled customers.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.2.3

          Bahraini retail banks must ensure that two bank employees witness when transactions undertaken by visually impaired customers. In case of customers with visual as well as hearing impairments, Bahraini retail banks must ensure that witnesses (other than bank staff) are present for the signature of any transaction and that documents providing the identity of such witnesses are submitted.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.2.4

          Bahraini retail banks must provide speaking screens for the priority waiting area of banks for visually impaired customers.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

      • BC-10.3 Special Services for Hearing Impaired Customers

        • BC-10.3.1

          Bahraini retail banks must ensure that their staff dealing with hearing impaired customers are enrolled in specialised training on sign language or provide a full time translator/interpreter in the bank's premises, dedicated to communicate with such customers.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

        • BC-10.3.2

          To facilitate the implementation of Paragraph BC-10.3.1, retail banks should provide a banking dictionary designed to address banking vocabulary by way of sign language through video clips and pictures to enable such customers to have a clear understanding of the banking terminology being used.

          Amended: April 2017
          Added: April 2016

    • BC-11 Financial Advice Programme

      • BC-11.1.1

        All banks must ensure that staff members who provide financial advice to customers are enrolled in the BIBF Financial Advice Programme. Staff members with less than three years of experience must be enrolled for the foundation level course while staff members with three to five years of experience must be enrolled in the Level 2 programme.

        Added: October 2018

      • BC-11.1.2

        All banks must ensure that a suitably experienced designated senior manager monitors compliance with the requirement in BC-11.1.1 on an on-going basis.

        Added: October 2018

      • BC-11.1.3

        The related reporting requirement to the CBB is included in Section BR-1.1 and BR-1.2.

        Added: October 2018

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